Now showing items 594-613 of 2911

    • Daily Life on Wheels: Global (Car) Cultures and Local Living 

      Hämeenaho, Pilvi (, 2019)
      Ordinary tasks, like working, taking part in social events, leisure time activities, and consumerism create a need to move. The location of residence determines the means and ways of performing these activities. When ...
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    • Dark chocolate and reduced snack consumption in mildly hypertensive adults: an intervention study 

      Koli, Raika; Köhler, Klaus; Tonteri, Elina; Peltonen, Juha; Tikkanen, Heikki; Fogelholm, Mikael (BioMed Central, 2015)
      Background Several studies have shown that cocoa and cocoa-containing foods have the potential to lower blood pressure and improve endothelial function. Most of the studies reporting the beneficial effects of dark chocolate ...

    • Data analytics approach to create waste generation profiles for waste management and collection 

      Niska, Harri; Serkkola, Ari (Elsevier BV, 2018)
      Extensive monitoring data on waste generation is increasingly collected in order to implement cost-efficient and sustainable waste management operations. In addition, geospatial data from different registries of the society ...
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    • Data analytics on performance of computing students 

      Balogun, Oluwafemi Samson; Oyelere, Solomon Sunday; Atsa'am, Donald Douglas (ACM Press, 2019)
      This study was conducted to determine the relationship between computing students' initial and final academic performance to support decision making in higher education institutions. The data used in this research contains ...
      Artikkelit ja abstraktit tieteellisissä konferenssijulkaisuissa

    • Data on synthesis of methylene bisphosphonates and screening of their inhibitory activity towards HIV reverse transcriptase 

      Yanvarev DV; Korovina AN; Usanov NN; Khomich OA; Vepsäläinen Jouko; Puljula Elina; Kukhanova MK; Kochetkov SN (Elsevier Inc., 2016)
      Inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) mimetics designed on a basis of methylenediphosphonic acid backbone are promising inhibitors of two key HIV replication enzymes, IN [1] and RT [2]. Herein, we present chemical synthesis of ...

    • Data-Driven Differential Diagnosis of Dementia Using Multiclass Disease State Index Classifier 

      Tolonen, Antti; Rhodius-Meester, Hanneke F M; Bruun, Marie; Koikkalainen, Juha; Barkhof, Frederik; Lemstra, Afina W; Koene, Teddy; Scheltens, Philip; Teunissen, Charlotte E; Tong, Tong; Guerrero, Ricardo; Schuh, Andreas; Ledig, Christian; Baroni, Marta; Rueckert, Daniel; Soininen, Hilkka; Remes, Anne M; Waldemar, Gunhild; Hasselbalch, Steen G; Mecocci, Patrizia; van der Flier, Wiesje M; Lotjönen, Jyrki (Frontiers Media SA, 2018)
      Clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) hold potential for the differential diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. We developed a novel CDSS, the PredictND tool, designed for differential diagnosis of different types ...
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    • The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project 

      Hudson Lawrence N; Newbold Tim; Contu Sara; Hill Samantha LL; Lysenko Igor; De Palma Adriana; Phillips Helen RP; Alhusseini Tamera I; Bedford Felicity E; Bennet Dominic J; Booth Hollie; Burton Victoria J; Chng Charlotte WT; Choimes Argyrios; Correia David LP; Day Julie; Echeverría-Londoño Susy; Emerson Susan R; Gao Di; Garon Morgan et al. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017)
      The PREDICTS project—Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (—has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples ...

    • Decline of genetic diversity in ancient domestic stallions in Europe 

      Wutke, S; Sandoval-Castellanos, E; Benecke, N; Döhle, HJ; Friederich, S; Gonzalez, J; Hofreiter, M; Lõugas, L; Magnell, O; Malaspinas, AS; Morales-Muñiz, A; Orlando, L; Reissmann, M; Trinks, A; Ludwig, A (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2018)
      Present-day domestic horses are immensely diverse in their maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA, yet they show very little variation on their paternally inherited Y chromosome. Although it has recently been shown that Y ...
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    • Decompositions of Nakano norms by ODE techniques 

      Talponen, Jarno (Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, 2018)
      We study decompositions of Nakano type varying-exponent Lebesgue norms and spaces. These function spaces are represented here in a natural way as tractable varying-exponent ℓp sums of projection bands. The main results ...
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    • Decrease of Population Divergence in Eurasian Perch (Perca fluviatilis) in Browning Waters: Role of Fatty Acids and Foraging Efficiency 

      Scharnweber Kristin; Strandberg Ursula; Karlsson Konrad; Eklöv Peter (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2016)
      Due to altered biogeochemical processes related to climate change, highly colored dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from terrestrial sources will lead to a water “brownification” in many freshwater systems of the Northern ...
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    • Decreased carbon accumulation feedback driven by climate-induced drying of two southern boreal bogs over recent centuries 

      Zhang, H; Väliranta, M; Piilo, S; Amesbury, MJ; Aquino-López, MA; Roland, TP; Salminen-Paatero, S; Paatero, J; Lohila, A; Tuittila, ES (Wiley, 2020)
      Northern boreal peatlands are important ecosystems in modulating global biogeochemical cycles, yet their biological communities and related carbon dynamics are highly sensitive to changes in climate. Despite this, the ...
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    • Decreased expression of hyaluronan synthase 1 and 2 associates with poor prognosis in cutaneous melanoma 

      Poukka, M; Bykachev, A; Siiskonen, H; Tyynelä-Korhonen, K; Auvinen, P; Pasonen-Seppänen, S; Sironen, R (BioMed Central Ltd., 2016)
      Background Hyaluronan is a large extracellular matrix molecule involved in several biological processes such as proliferation, migration and invasion. In many cancers, hyaluronan synthesis is altered, which implicates ...

    • Decreased plasma C-reactive protein levels in APOE E 4 allele carriers 

      Martiskainen, Henna; Takalo, Mari; Solomon, Alina; Stancáková, Alena; Marttinen, Mikael; Natunen, Teemu; Haapasalo, Annakaisa; Herukka, Sanna-Kaisa; Kuusisto, Johanna; Soininen, Hilkka; Kivipelto, Miia; Laakso, Markku; Hiltunen, Mikko (Wiley, 2018)
      Objective Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is a well‐established risk factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we assessed the effects of APOE polymorphism on cardiovascular, metabolic, and inflammation‐related parameters ...
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    • Deep convolutional neural networks for estimating porous material parameters with ultrasound tomography 

      Lähivaara, Timo; Kärkkäinen, Leo; Huttunen, Janne MJ; Hesthaven, Jan S (Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2018)
      The feasibility of data based machine learning applied to ultrasound tomography is studied to estimate water-saturated porous material parameters. In this work, the data to train the neural networks is simulated by solving ...
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    • Deep generative variational autoencoding for replay spoof detection in automatic speaker verification 

      Chettri, Bhusan; Kinnunen, Tomi; Benetos, Emmanouil (Elsevier BV, 2020)
      Automatic speaker verification (ASV) systems are highly vulnerable to presentation attacks, also called spoofing attacks. Replay is among the simplest attacks to mount — yet difficult to detect reliably. The generalization ...
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    • Deep Learning for Dental Hyperspectral Image Analysis 

      Boiko, Oleksandr; Hyttinen, Joni; Fält, Pauli; Jäsberg, Heli; Mirhashemi, Arash; Kullaa, Arja; Hauta-Kasari, Markku (Society for Imaging Science & Technology, 2019)
      The aim of this work is automatic and efficient detection of medically-relevant features from oral and dental hyperspectral images by applying up-to-date deep learning convolutional neural network techniques. This will ...
      Artikkelit ja abstraktit tieteellisissä konferenssijulkaisuissa

    • Deficiency of urokinase-type plasminogen activator and its receptor affects social behavior and increases seizure susceptibility 

      Kyyriäinen, J; Bolkvadze, T; Koivisto, H; Lipponen, A; Pérez, LO; Ekolle Ndode-Ekane, X; Tanila, H; Pitkänen, A (Elsevier BV, 2019)
      Extracellular proteolysis initiated by the binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) to its receptor (uPAR) regulates the development of inhibitory neuronal circuits in the cerebral cortex and tissue remodeling ...
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    • Deficient Values of Solutions of Linear Differential Equations 

      Gundersen, Gary G; Heittokangas, Janne; Wen, Zhi-Tao (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020)
      Differential equations of the form f′′+A(z)f′+B(z)f=0 (*) are considered, where A(z) and B(z)≢0 are entire functions. The Lindelöf function is used to show that for any ρ∈(1/2,∞), there exists an equation of the form (*) ...
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    • Defining the risk factors for acute, subacute and chronic cough: a cross-sectional study in a Finnish adult employee population . 

      Lätti, Anne M; Pekkanen, Juha; Koskela, Heikki O (BMJ, 2018)
      Objectives Chronic cough is linked to various long-standing risk factors like asthma, chronic rhinitis and oesophageal reflux disease. On the contrary, acute and subacute cough are usually considered to be caused by acute ...
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    • Degradation potentials of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from thawed permafrost peat 

      Selvam BP; Lapierre JF; Guillemette F; Voigt C; Lamprecht RE; Biasi C; Christensen TR; Martikainen PJ; Berggren M (Springer Nature, 2017)
      Global warming can substantially affect the export of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from peat-permafrost to aquatic systems. The direct degradability of such peat-derived DOC, however, is poorly constrained because previous ...