Now showing items 1225-1244 of 2584

    • Interlaboratory Coverage Test on Plant Food Bioactive Compounds and their Metabolites by Mass Spectrometry-Based Untargeted Metabolomics 

      Koistinen, VM; da Silva, AB; Abrankó, L; Low, D; Villalba, RG; Barberán, FT; Landberg, R; Savolainen, O; Alvarez-Acero, I; de Pascual-Teresa, S; Van Poucke, C; Almeida, C; Petrásková, L; Valentová, K; Durand, S; Wiczkowski, W; Szawara-Nowak, D; González-Domínguez, R; Llorach, R; Andrés-Lacueva, C; Aura, AM; Seppänen-Laakso, T; Hanhineva, K; Manach, C; Bronze M (MDPI AGSveitsi, 2018)
      Bioactive compounds present in plant-based foods, and their metabolites derived from gut microbiota and endogenous metabolism, represent thousands of chemical structures of potential interest for human nutrition and health. ...
    • Interlaced zone plate optics for hard X-ray imaging in the 10 nm range 

      Mohacsi I; Vartiainen I; Rosner B; Guizar-Sicairos M; Guzenko VA; McNulty I; Winarski R; Holt MV; David C (Springer Nature, 2017)
      Multi-keV X-ray microscopy has been particularly successful in bridging the resolution gap between optical and electron microscopy. However, resolutions below 20 nm are still considered challenging, as high throughput ...
    • Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist as a biomarker of sepsis in neutropenic haematological patients 

      Intke, Carina; Korpelainen, Sini; Hämäläinen, Sari; Vänskä, Matti; Koivula, Irma; Jantunen, Esa; Pulkki, Kari; Juutilainen, Auni (Wiley, 2018)
      Objective The study aim was to compare the performance of interleukin‐1 receptor antagonist (IL‐1Ra) to C‐reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in early prediction of the clinical course of febrile neutropenia. ...
    • International benchmarking of terrestrial laser scanning approaches for forest inventories 

      Liang, Xinlian; Hyyppä, Juha; Kaartinen, Harri; Lehtomäki, Matti; Pyörälä, Jiri; Pfeifer, Norbert; Holopainen, Markus; Brolly, Gábor; Francesco, Pirotti; Hackenberg, Jan; Huang, Huabing; Jo, Hyun-Woo; Katoh, Masato; Liu, Luxia; Mokros, Martin; Morel, Jules; Olofsson, Kenneth; Poveda-Lopez, Jose; Trochta, Jan; Di, Wang et al. (Elsevier BVAlankomaat, 2018)
      The last two decades have witnessed increasing awareness of the potential of terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) in forest applications in both public and commercial sectors, along with tremendous research efforts and progress. ...
    • International Governance: Polycentric Governing by and beyond the UNFCCC 

      van Asselt, Harro; Zelli, Fariborz (Cambridge University Press, 2018)
    • International Soil Radiocarbon Database v1.0 

      Lawrence, Corey R.,US Geological Survey; Beem-Miller, Jeffery,Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Hoyt, Alison M.,Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Monroe, Grey,Colorado State University; Sierra, Carlos A.,Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Stoner, Shane,Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Heckman, Katherine,US Forest Service; Blankinship, Joseph C.,University of Arizona; Crow, Susan E.,University of Hawaii; McNicol, Gavin,Stanford University; Trumbore, Susan,Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Levine, Paul A.,University of California Irvine; Vindušková, Olga,Stanford University; Todd-Brown, Katherine,Wilfred Laurier; Rasmussen, Craig,University of Arizona; Hick Pries, Caitlin E.,Dartmouth College; Schädel, Christina,Northern Arizona University; McFarlane, Karis,Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Doetterl, Sebastian,ETH Zurich; Hatté, Christine,Université Paris Saclay; He, Yujie,University of California Irvine; Treat, Claire,University of Eastern Finland; Harden, Jennifer W.,Stanford University; Torn, Margaret S.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Estop-Aragonés, Cristian,University of Alberta; Berhe, Asmeret Asefaw,University of California Merced; Keiluweit, Marco,University of Massachusetts-Amherst; Marin-Spiotta, Erika,University of Wisconsin-Madison; Plante, Alain F.,University of Pennsylvania; Thomson, Aaron,University of Georgia; Schimel, Joshua P.,University of California Santa Barbara; Vaughn, Lydia J. S.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Wagai, Rota,National Agriculture and Food Research Organizaon (2019-03-28)
      Synthesized soils data associated with v1.0 of the International Soil Radiocarbon Database. Detailed information about this dataset can be found at
    • An Internet-based medicine education intervention: Fourth graders' perspectives 

      Kärkkäinen Sirpa; Keinonen Tuula; Hartikainen-Ahia Anu; Vainio Kirsti; Hämeen-Anttila Katri (MDPI AG, 2017)
      Health education, which also includes medicine education, promotes social sustainability in society. Through the context of Internet-based intervention, this study reports on fourth graders’ (N = 51, aged 10–11 years) ...
    • Interplay of the photon drag and the surface photogalvanic effects in the metal-semiconductor nanocomposite 

      Mikheev, GM; Saushin, AS; Styapshin, VM; Svirko, YP (Springer Nature, 2018)
      Photon drag effect (PDE) and surface photogalvanic effect (SPGE) can be observed in centrosymmetric media and manifest themselves in photocurrents, the magnitude and polarity of which depend on wavevector and polarization ...
    • Interrelationship between the Levels of C9orf72 and Amyloid-ß Protein Precursor and Amyloid-ß in Human Cells and Brain Samples 

      Leskelä, S; Takalo, M; Marttinen, M; Huber, N; Paananen, J; Mitra, V; Rauramaa, T; Mäkinen, P; Leinonen, V; Soininen, H; Pike, I; Remes, AM; Hiltunen, M; Haapasalo, A (IOS PressAlankomaat, 2018)
      A subset of C9orf72 repeat expansion-carrying frontotemporal dementia patients display an Alzheimer-like decrease in cerebrospinal fluid amyloid-β (Aβ) biomarker levels. We report that downregulation of C9orf72 in non-neuronal ...
    • Interrelationship of cartilage composition and chondrocyte mechanics after a partial meniscectomy in the rabbit knee joint - Experimental and numerical analysis 

      Ronkainen, AP; Tanska, P; Fick, JM; Herzog, W; Korhonen, RK (Elsevier BV, 2019)
      Site-specific and depth-dependent properties of cartilage were implemented within a finite element (FE) model to determine if compositional or structural changes in the tissue could explain site-specific alterations of ...
    • Intersectionality at work: The case of Ruth Bates Harris and NASA 

      Ruel, Stefanie; Mills, Albert J; Thomas, Janice L (Ephemera Editorial Collective in association with MayFlyBooks, 2018)
      One challenge we face as diversity and gender scholars is how to apply intersectionality in organizational studies. We present one possible application of intersectionality to demonstrate that it can be put to work beyond ...
    • Intestinal lymphatic vessels and their role in chylomicron absorption and lipid homeostasis 

      Hokkanen, K; Tirronen, A; Ylä-Herttuala, S (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2019)
      Purpose of review In this review, we describe novel findings related to intestinal lipid transport in lymphatic vessels. Recent findings Studies have shown that chylomicron entry to lacteals and lymph movement in ...
    • Intranasal insulin activates Akt2 signaling pathway in the hippocampus of wild-type but not in APP/PS1 Alzheimer model mice 

      Gabbouj, S; Natunen, T; Koivisto, H; Jokivarsi, K; Takalo, M; Marttinen, M; Wittrahm, R; Kemppainen, S; Naderi, R; Posado-Fernández, A; Ryhänen, S; Mäkinen, P; Paldanius, KMA; Doria, G; Poutiainen, P; Flores, O; Haapasalo, A; Tanila, H; Hiltunen, M (Elsevier BVYhdysvallat (USA), 2019)
      Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Human AD brains show reduced glucose metabolism as measured by [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-2-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). Here, ...
    • Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of recategorized Neer classification in differentiating 2-part surgical neck fractures from multi-fragmented proximal humeral fractures in 116 patients 

      Sumrein, BO; Mattila, VM; Lepola, V; Laitinen, MK; Launonen, AP; Paloneva, J; Jonsson, K; Wolf, O; Ström, P; Berg, H; Felländer-Tsai, L; Mechlenburg, I; Døssing, K; Østergaard, H; Rahnel, T; Märtson, A (Elsevier BVYhdysvallat (USA), 2018)
      Background Optimal fracture classification should be simple and reproducible and should guide treatment. For proximal humeral fractures, the Neer classification is commonly used. However, intraobserver and interobserver ...
    • Intrapopulation genotypic variation in leaf litter chemistry does not control microbial abundance and litter mass loss in silver birch, Betula pendula 

      Silfver, T; Kontro, M; Paaso, U; Karvinen, H; Keski-Saari, S; Keinänen, M; Rousi, M; Mikola, J (Springer NatureAlankomaat, 2018)
      Background and aims Differences among plant genotypes can influence ecosystem functioning such as the rate of litter decomposition. Little is known, however, of the strength of genotypic links between litter quality, ...
    • Intrapopulation Genotypic Variation of Foliar Secondary Chemistry during Leaf Senescence and Litter Decomposition in Silver Birch (Betula pendula) 

      Paaso Ulla; Keski-Saari Sarita; Keinänen Markku; Karvinen Heini; Silfver Tarja; Rousi Matti; Mikola Juha (Frontiers Media SA, 2017)
      Abundant secondary metabolites, such as condensed tannins, and their interpopulation genotypic variation can remain through plant leaf senescence and affect litter decomposition. Whether the intrapopulation genotypic ...
    • Introduced alien signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in Finland - uncontrollable expansion despite numerous crayfisheries strategies 

      Ruokonen, Timo J; Sjövik, Rosanna; Erkamo, Esa; Tulonen, Jouni; Ercoli, Fabio; Kokko, Harri; Jussila, Japo (EDP Sciences, 2018)
      In Finland, massive signal crayfish introductions started towards the end of 1980s, with an estimated total of 2.2 million signal crayfish been stocked before year 2016. During that period, Finnish fisheries authorities ...
    • Introducing spectral moment features in analyzing the SpecTex hyperspectral texture database 

      Mirhashemi Arash (Springer NatureYhdysvallat (USA), 2017)
      Hyperspectral imaging provides more information than conventional RGB images. However, its high dimensionality prevents its adaptation to the existing image processing techniques. Defining full-band spectral feature is the ...
    • Introduction 

      Ubani, Martin; Ojala, Eveliina (Springer Nature America, IncAustralia, 2018)
      The theme of this special issue is: “Religion, public space and education”. The aim is to provide fresh insight into the interaction in the educational policy and practice of Western societies between what has been considered ...
    • Introduction to voice presentation attack detection and recent advances 

      Sahidullah, Md; Delgado, Hector; Todisco, Massimiliano; Kinnunen, Tomi; Evans, Nicholas; Yamagishi, Junichi; Lee, Kong-Aik (Springer International Publishing, 2019)
      Over the past few years significant progress has been made in the field of presentation attack detection (PAD) for automatic speaker recognition (ASV). This includes the development of new speech corpora, standard evaluation ...