Now showing items 1378-1397 of 2245

    • Nonconvulsive status epilepticus in rats leads to brain pathology 

      Avdic, U; Ahl, M; Chugh, D; Ali, I; Chary, K; Sierra, A; Ekdahl, CT (Wiley, 2018)
      Objective Status epilepticus (SE) is an abnormally prolonged epileptic seizure that if associated with convulsive motor symptoms is potentially life threatening for a patient. However, 20%‐40% of patients with SE lack ...
    • Nongrowing season methane emissions - a significant component of annual emissions across northern ecosystems 

      Treat, Claire C; Bloom, Anthony A; Marushchak, Maija E (Wiley, 2018)
      Wetlands are the single largest natural source of atmospheric methane (CH4), a greenhouse gas, and occur extensively in the northern hemisphere. Large discrepancies remain between “bottom‐up” and “top‐down” estimates of ...
    • Nonlinear optical components for all-optical probabilistic graphical model 

      Babaeian, Masoud; Blanche, Pierre-A.; Norwood, Robert A.; Kaplas, Tommi; Keiffer, Patrick; Svirko, Yuri; Allen, Taylor G.; Chen, Vincent W.; Chi, San-Hui; Perry, Joseph W.; Marder, Seth R.; Neifeld, Mark A.; Peyghambarian, N. (Springer Nature, 2018)
      The probabilistic graphical models (PGMs) are tools that are used to compute probability distributions over large and complex interacting variables. They have applications in social networks, speech recognition, artificial ...
    • Nonlinear parameters of surface EMG in schizophrenia patients depend on kind of antipsychotic therapy 

      Meigal, Alexander Yu; Miroshnichenko, German G; Kuzmina, Anna P; Rissanen, Saara M; Georgiadis, Stefanos D; Karjalainen, Pasi A (Frontiers Media SA, 2015-07-10)
      We compared a set of surface EMG (sEMG) parameters in several groups of schizophrenia (SZ, n = 74) patients and healthy controls (n = 11) and coupled them with the clinical data. sEMG records were quantified with spectral, ...
    • Nonresonant Local Fields Enhance Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoislands with Dielectric Cover 

      Chervinskii, Semyon; Koskinen, Kalle; Scherbak, Sergey; Kauranen, Martti; Lipovskii, Andrey (American Physical Society (APS), 2018)
      We study second-harmonic generation from gold nanoislands covered with amorphous titanium oxide (TiO2) films. As the TiO2 thickness increases, the plasmon resonance of the nanoislands shifts away from the second-harmonic ...
    • Nordic research infrastructures for plant phenotyping 

      Alexandersson, Erik; Keinänen, Markku; Chawade, Aakash; Himanen, Kristiina (MTT Agrifood Research Finland, 2018)
      Plant phenomics refers to the systematic study of plant phenotypes. Together with closely monitored, controlled climates, it provides an essential component for the integrated analysis of genotype-phenotype-environment ...
    • Normal Families and Growth of Meromorphic Functions with Their Kth Derivatives 

      Qi, Jianming; Meng, Fanning; Yuan, Wenjun (Hindawi LimitedEgypti, 2018)
      Relying on the normal family theory, we mainly study uniqueness problems of meromorphic functions and their Kth derivatives and estimate sharply the growth order of their meromorphic functions. Our theorems improve some ...
    • A North American Hydroclimate Synthesis (NAHS) of the Common Era 

      Rodysill, Jessica R; Anderson, Lesleigh; Cronin, Thomas M; Jones, Miriam C; Thompson, Robert S; Wahl, David B; Willard, Debra A; Addison, Jason A; Alder, Jay R; Anderson, Katherine H; Anderson, Lysanna; Barron, John A; Bernhardt, Christopher E; Hostetler, Steven W; Kehrwald, Natalie M; Khan, Nicole S; Richey, Julie N; Starratt, Scott W; Strickland, Laura E; Toomey, Michael R; Treat, Claire C; Wingard, G. Lynn (Elsevier BV, 2018)
      This study presents a synthesis of century-scale hydroclimate variations in North America for the Common Era (last 2000 years) using new age models of previously published multiple proxy-based paleoclimate data. This North ...
    • Norway spruce emblings as cutting donors for tree breeding and production 

      Tikkinen Mikko; Varis Saila; Peltola Heli; Aronen Tuija (Informa UK Limited, 2017)
      In the Nordic countries, Norway spruce (Picea abies) is a major species in tree breeding. In order to facilitate breeding work and availability of highly bred forest regeneration material, the time required for breeding ...
    • Not simply red: Colouration of red wood ant Formica rufa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is polymorphic, modular and size-dependent 

      Skaldina Oksana; Sorvari Jouni (Biology Centre, AS CR, 2017)
      Insects produce pigment and structural colours mainly for camouflage, signaling, physical protection or temperature regulation, and colour patterns can provide information about individual quality. Although the evolutionary ...
    • Novel anti-infective potential of salvianolic acid B against human serious pathogen Neisseria meningitidis 

      Huttunen Sanna; Toivanen Marko; Liu Chenghai; Tikkanen-Kaukanen Carina (BioMed Central Ltd., 2016)
      Background Epidemics of meningococcal meningitis cause significant health problems especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Novel anti-infective candidates are needed. In modern anti-adhesion therapy initial attachment of bacteria ...
    • Novel aqueous oil-in-water emulsions containing extracts of natural coniferous resins are strongly antimicrobial against enterobacteria, staphylococci and yeasts, as well as on bacterial biofilms 

      Haapakorva, E; Holmbom, T; von Wright, A (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017)
      Aims The aim of this study was to examine the antimicrobial properties of novel aqueous natural rapeseed oil/saline emulsions containing different soluble components of spruce resin. Methods and Results The composition ...
    • Novel Biomarker Candidates for Febrile Neutropenia in Hematological Patients Using Nontargeted Metabolomics 

      Lappalainen, Marika; Jokkala, Jenna; Juutilainen, Auni; Hämäläinen, Sari; Koivula, Irma; Jantunen, Esa; Hanhineva, Kati; Pulkki, Kari (Hindawi Limited, 2018)
      Background. Novel potential small molecular biomarkers for sepsis were analyzed with nontargeted metabolite profiling to find biomarkers for febrile neutropenia after intensive chemotherapy for hematological malignancies. ...
    • Novel capsaicin-induced parameters of microcirculation in migraine patients revealed by imaging photoplethysmography 

      Kamshilin, AA; Volynsky, MA; Khayrutdinova, O; Nurkhametova, D; Babayan, L; Amelin, AV; Mamontov, OV; Giniatullin, R (Springer NatureItalia, 2018)
      Background The non-invasive biomarkers of migraine can help to develop the personalized medication of this disorder. In testing of the antimigraine drugs the capsaicin-induced skin redness with activated TRPV1 receptors ...
    • Novel genetic associations for blood pressure identified via gene-alcohol interaction in up to 570K individuals across multiple ancestries 

      Feitosa, MF; Kraja, AT; Chasman, DI; Sung, YJ; Winkler, TW; Ntalla, I; Guo, X; Franceschini, N; Cheng, CY; Sim, X; Vojinovic, D; Marten, J; Musani, SK; Li, C; Bentley, AR; Brown, MR; Schwander, K; Richard, MA; Noordam, R; Aschard, H; et al (incl. Laakso, Markku; Heikkinen, Sami; Kuusisto, Johanna; Lakka, Timo; Yaluri, Alena) (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018)
      Heavy alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for hypertension; the mechanism by which alcohol consumption impact blood pressure (BP) regulation remains unknown. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association ...
    • Novel genetic loci associated with hippocampal volume 

      Hibar DP; Adams HH; Jahanshad N; Chauhan G; Stein JL; Hofer E; Renteria ME; Bis JC; Arias-Vasquez A; Ikram MK; Desrivières S; Vernooij MW; Abramovic L; Alhusaini S; Amin N; Andersson M; Arfanakis K; Aribisala BS; Armstrong NJ; Athanasiu L et al. (Springer Nature, 2017)
      The hippocampal formation is a brain structure integrally involved in episodic memory, spatial navigation, cognition and stress responsiveness. Structural abnormalities in hippocampal volume and shape are found in several ...
    • Novel Hybrid Encryption Algorithm Based on Aes, RSA, and Twofish for Bluetooth Encryption 

      Albahar, Marwan Ali; Olawumi, Olayemi; Haataja, Keijo; Toivanen, Pekka (Scientific Research Publishing, Inc,, 2018)
      In this paper, we proposed a novel triple algorithm based on RSA (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman), AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), and TwoFish in order to further improve the security of Bluetooth that is currently using only ...
    • Novel in vitro method reveals drugs that inhibit solute transporter alpha/beta 

      Malinen, Melina M; Kauttonen, Antti; Beaudoin, James J; Sjöstedt, Noora; Honkakoski, Paavo; Brouwer, Kim LR (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019)
      Drug interactions with the organic solute transporter alpha/beta (OSTα/β) are understudied even though OSTα/β is an important transporter that is expressed in multiple human tissues including the intestine, kidneys, and ...
    • Novel insights on new particle formation derived from a pan-european observing system 

      Dall'Osto, M; Beddows, DCS; Asmi, A; Poulain, L; Hao, L; Freney, E; Allan, JD; Canagaratna, M; Crippa, M; Bianchi, F; de Leeuw, G; Eriksson, A; Swietlicki, E; Hansson, HC; Henzing, JS; Granier, C; Zemankova, K; Laj, P; Onasch, T; Prevot, A; Putaud, JP; Sellegri, K; Vidal, M; Virtanen, A; Simo, R; Worsnop, D; O'Dowd, C; Kulmala, M; Harrison, RM (Springer Nature, 2018)
      The formation of new atmospheric particles involves an initial step forming stable clusters less than a nanometre in size (<~1 nm), followed by growth into quasi-stable aerosol particles a few nanometres (~1–10 nm) and ...
    • A Novel Method for Bluetooth Pairing Using Steganography 

      Albahar Marwan Ali; Olawumi Olayemi; Haataja Keijo; Toivanen Pekka (Union of Scientists in Bulgaria, 2017)
      There are two solutions in data security field for ensuring that only legitimate recipients will have access to the intended data: Steganography and cryptography. These solutions can be used for providing a high level of ...