Now showing items 192-211 of 952

    • Data analytics approach to create waste generation profiles for waste management and collection 

      Niska, Harri; Serkkola, Ari (Elsevier BVAlankomaat, 2018)
      Extensive monitoring data on waste generation is increasingly collected in order to implement cost-efficient and sustainable waste management operations. In addition, geospatial data from different registries of the society ...
    • Data analytics on performance of computing students 

      Balogun, Oluwafemi Samson; Oyelere, Solomon Sunday; Atsa'am, Donald Douglas (ACM Press, 2019)
      This study was conducted to determine the relationship between computing students' initial and final academic performance to support decision making in higher education institutions. The data used in this research contains ...
    • The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project 

      Hudson Lawrence N; Newbold Tim; Contu Sara; Hill Samantha LL; Lysenko Igor; De Palma Adriana; Phillips Helen RP; Alhusseini Tamera I; Bedford Felicity E; Bennet Dominic J; Booth Hollie; Burton Victoria J; Chng Charlotte WT; Choimes Argyrios; Correia David LP; Day Julie; Echeverría-Londoño Susy; Emerson Susan R; Gao Di; Garon Morgan et al. (Wiley-BlackwellYhdysvallat (USA), 2017)
      The PREDICTS project—Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)—has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples ...
    • Decline of genetic diversity in ancient domestic stallions in Europe 

      Wutke, S; Sandoval-Castellanos, E; Benecke, N; Döhle, HJ; Friederich, S; Gonzalez, J; Hofreiter, M; Lõugas, L; Magnell, O; Malaspinas, AS; Morales-Muñiz, A; Orlando, L; Reissmann, M; Trinks, A; Ludwig, A (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2018)
      Present-day domestic horses are immensely diverse in their maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA, yet they show very little variation on their paternally inherited Y chromosome. Although it has recently been shown that Y ...
    • Decompositions of Nakano norms by ODE techniques 

      Talponen, Jarno (Finnish Academy of Science and LettersSuomi, 2018)
      We study decompositions of Nakano type varying-exponent Lebesgue norms and spaces. These function spaces are represented here in a natural way as tractable varying-exponent ℓp sums of projection bands. The main results ...
    • Decrease of Population Divergence in Eurasian Perch (Perca fluviatilis) in Browning Waters: Role of Fatty Acids and Foraging Efficiency 

      Scharnweber Kristin; Strandberg Ursula; Karlsson Konrad; Eklöv Peter (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2016)
      Due to altered biogeochemical processes related to climate change, highly colored dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from terrestrial sources will lead to a water “brownification” in many freshwater systems of the Northern ...
    • Decreased carbon accumulation feedback driven by climate-induced drying of two southern boreal bogs over recent centuries 

      Zhang, H; Väliranta, M; Piilo, S; Amesbury, MJ; Aquino-López, MA; Roland, TP; Salminen-Paatero, S; Paatero, J; Lohila, A; Tuittila, ES (Wiley, 2020)
      Northern boreal peatlands are important ecosystems in modulating global biogeochemical cycles, yet their biological communities and related carbon dynamics are highly sensitive to changes in climate. Despite this, the ...
    • Deep convolutional neural networks for estimating porous material parameters with ultrasound tomography 

      Lähivaara, Timo; Kärkkäinen, Leo; Huttunen, Janne MJ; Hesthaven, Jan S (Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2018)
      The feasibility of data based machine learning applied to ultrasound tomography is studied to estimate water-saturated porous material parameters. In this work, the data to train the neural networks is simulated by solving ...
    • Deep generative variational autoencoding for replay spoof detection in automatic speaker verification 

      Chettri, Bhusan; Kinnunen, Tomi; Benetos, Emmanouil (Elsevier BV, 2020)
      Automatic speaker verification (ASV) systems are highly vulnerable to presentation attacks, also called spoofing attacks. Replay is among the simplest attacks to mount — yet difficult to detect reliably. The generalization ...
    • Deep Learning for Dental Hyperspectral Image Analysis 

      Boiko, Oleksandr; Hyttinen, Joni; Fält, Pauli; Jäsberg, Heli; Mirhashemi, Arash; Kullaa, Arja; Hauta-Kasari, Markku (Society for Imaging Science & Technology, 2019)
      The aim of this work is automatic and efficient detection of medically-relevant features from oral and dental hyperspectral images by applying up-to-date deep learning convolutional neural network techniques. This will ...
    • Degradation potentials of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from thawed permafrost peat 

      Selvam BP; Lapierre JF; Guillemette F; Voigt C; Lamprecht RE; Biasi C; Christensen TR; Martikainen PJ; Berggren M (Springer Nature, 2017)
      Global warming can substantially affect the export of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from peat-permafrost to aquatic systems. The direct degradability of such peat-derived DOC, however, is poorly constrained because previous ...
    • Deposition of respiratory virus pathogens on frequently touched surfaces at airports 

      Ikonen, N; Savolainen-Kopra, C; Enstone, JE; Kulmala, I; Pasanen, P; Salmela, A; Salo, S; Nguyen-Van-Tam, JS; Ruutu, P (Springer Nature America, Inc, 2018)
      Background International and national travelling has made the rapid spread of infectious diseases possible. Little information is available on the role of major traffic hubs, such as airports, in the transmission of ...
    • Derivatives of Inner Functions in Bergman Spaces Induced by Doubling Weights 

      Pérez-González Fernando; Rättyä Jouni; Reijonen Atte (Finnish Academy of Science and LettersSuomi, 2017)
    • Desert plant bacteria reveal host influence and beneficial plant growth properties 

      Eida, Abdul Aziz; Ziegler, Maren; Lafi, Feras F; Michell, Craig T; Voolstra, Christian R; Hirt, Heribert; Saad, Maged M (Public Library of Science (PLoS)Yhdysvallat (USA), 2018)
      Deserts, such as those found in Saudi Arabia, are one of the most hostile places for plant growth. However, desert plants are able to impact their surrounding microbial community and select beneficial microbes that promote ...
    • Design of 2D-nanocrystals in water: Preparation, structure and functionalization 

      Aslanov, L; Zakharov, V; Paseshnichenko, K; Yatsenko, A; Orekhov, A; Tafeenko, V; Chernyshev, V (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2018)
      A new method for synthesis of 2D nanocrystals in water was proposed. The use of perfluorothiophenolate ions as surfactant allowed us to produce 2D single-crystal nanosheets of CaS at pH=9 and flat nanocrystals of PbS at ...
    • Design, development, and evaluation of a mobile learning application for computing education 

      Oyelere SS; Suhonen J; Wajiga GM; Sutinen E (Springer Nature, 2017)
      The study focused on the application of the design science research approach in the course of developing a mobile learning application, MobileEdu, for computing education in the Nigerian higher education context. MobileEdu ...
    • Designed inorganic porous nanovector with controlled release and MRI features for safe administration of doxorubicin 

      Näkki, S; Wang, JT; Wu, J; Fan, L; Rantanen, J; Nissinen, T; Kettunen, MI; Backholm, M; Ras, RHA; Al-Jamal, KT; Lehto, VP; Xu, W (Elsevier BVAlankomaat, 2019)
      The inability of traditional chemotherapeutics to reach cancer tissue reduces the treatment efficacy and leads to adverse effects. A multifunctional nanovector was developed consisting of porous silicon, superparamagnetic ...
    • Detecting and characterizing downed dead wood using terrestrial laser scanning 

      Yrttimaa, Tuomas; Saarinen, Ninni; Luoma, Ville; Tanhuanpää, Topi; Kankare, Ville; Liang, Xinlian; Hyyppä, Juha; Holopainen, Markus; Vastaranta, Mikko (Elsevier BVAlankomaat, 2019)
      Dead wood is a key forest structural component for maintaining biodiversity and storing carbon. Despite its important role in a forest ecosystem, quantifying dead wood alongside standing trees has often neglected when ...
    • Detecting Emotions in Students' Generated Content: An Evaluation of EmoTect System 

      Kolog, Emmanuel Awuni (Springer Singapore, 2018)
      In this paper, an e-counselling system for automatic detection of emotion in text is evaluated by comparing with two of text classifiers implemented in WEKA machine learning software. A support vector machine classifier ...
    • Detecting Glucose Levels in Blood Plasma and Artificial Tear by Au(I) Complex on the Carbopol Polymer: A Microfluidic Paper-Based Method 

      Luo, Jong-Jheng; Pan, Sheng-Wei; Yang, Jia-Hui; Chang, Tian-Lin; Lin, Peng-Yi; Wu, Chen-Liang; Liu, Wei-Fang; Huang, Xin-Ru; Koshevoy, Igor; Chou, Pi-Tai; Ho, Mei-Lin (MDPI AGSveitsi, 2018)
      We report on a selective paper-based method and a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPAD) for the detection of human plasma glucose and tear glucose using carbopol polymer-encapsulated Au(I) complex (AuC2C6H4OM ...