Now showing items 336-355 of 770

    • I-DIGEST framework: towards authentic learning for indigenous learners 

      Loewen, John; Kinshuk; Suhonen, Jarkko (Springer Nature, 2018)
      There is a distinct lack of authentic and relevant learning opportunities for Indigenous learners in formalized educational settings. This is due to multiple factors including the lack of incorporation of Indigenous knowledge ...
    • I-SLATE: designing a culturally relevant framework for authentic learning 

      Loewen John; Kinshuk; Suhonen Jarkko; Chen Nian-Shing (Springer Nature, 2017)
      Many Indigenous learners worldwide find the learning materials presented in current educational settings culturally irrelevant. A lack of relevant learning materials within formal education settings subscribing to Western ...
    • The I4U Mega Fusion and Collaboration for NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluation 2016 

      Lee, K A; Hautamäki, V; Kinnunen, T; Larcher, A; Zhang, C; Nautsch, A; Stafylakis, T; Liu, G; Rouvier, M; Rao, W; Alegre, F; Ma, J; Mak, M W; Sarkar, A K; Delgado, H; Saeidi, R; Aronowitz, H; Sizov, A; Sun, H; Nguyen, T H; Sahidullah, Md; Vestman, V; Halonen, M; Kanervisto, A; et al. (ISCA (the International Speech Communication Association), 2017)
      The 2016 speaker recognition evaluation (SRE’16) is the latest edition in the series of benchmarking events conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). I4U is a joint entry to SRE’16 as the ...
    • ICT for informal workers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic review and analysis 

      Mramba N; Rumanyika J; Apiola M; Suhonen J (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017)
      In Africa, wide diffusion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), particularly mobile phones and Internet technology, has opened new opportunities for informal workers. New opportunities include better access ...
    • Identification and characterization of a novel zebrafish (Danio rerio) pentraxin-carbonic anhydrase 

      Patrikainen MS; Tolvanen MEE; Aspatwar A; Barker HR; Ortutay C; Jänis J; Laitaoja M; Hytönen VP; Azizi L; Manandhar P; Jáger E; Vullo D; Kukkurainen S; Hilvo M; Supuran CT; Parkkila S (PeerJ, 2017)
      Background Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are ubiquitous, essential enzymes which catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide and water to bicarbonate and H+ ions. Vertebrate genomes generally contain gene loci for 15–21 different ...
    • Identification of new particle formation events with deep learning 

      Joutsensaari, Jorma; Ozon, Matthew; Nieminen, Tuomo; Mikkonen, Santtu; Lähivaara, Timo; Decesari, Stefano; Facchini, M Cristina; Laaksonen, Ari; Lehtinen, Kari EJ (Copernicus GmbHSaksa, 2018)
      New particle formation (NPF) in the atmosphere is globally an important source of climate relevant aerosol particles. Occurrence of NPF events is typically analyzed by researchers manually from particle size distribution ...
    • Image Reconstruction with Reliability Assessment in Quantitative Photoacoustic Tomography 

      Hänninen, Niko; Pulkkinen, Aki; Tarvainen, Tanja (MDPI AGSveitsi, 2018)
      Quantitative photoacoustic tomography is a novel imaging method which aims to reconstruct optical parameters of an imaged target based on initial pressure distribution, which can be obtained from ultrasound measurements. ...
    • Imaginary optical constants in near-infrared (NIR) spectral range for the separation and discrimination of adulterated diesel oil binary mixtures 

      Kanyathare, Boniphace; Asamoah, Benjamin; Peiponen, Kai-Erik (Springer NatureJapani, 2018)
      Fuel adulteration is a major factor contributing to environmental pollution. The tendency to adulterate diesel oil with kerosene is becoming prevalent in many countries, which is particularly driven by the lower cost of ...
    • Impact of Bandwidth and Channel Variation on Presentation Attack Detection for Speaker Verification 

      Delgado Hector; Todisco Massimiliano; Evans Nicholas; Sahidullah Md; Ming Liu Wei; Alegre Federico; Kinnunen Tomi; Fauve Benoit (IEEE, 2017)
      Vulnerabilities to presentation attacks can undermine confidence in automatic speaker verification (ASV) technology. While efforts to develop countermeasures, known as presentation attack detection (PAD) systems, are now ...
    • Impact of Populus Plantations on Water and Soil Quality 

      Dimitriou Ioannis; Mola-Yudego Blas (Springer Nature, 2017)
      Trees of genus Populus (in our context primarily poplars) are predominantly grown in Sweden in small plantations on arable land in southern and central parts of the country to produce biomass for energy and other purposes. ...
    • Impacts of drainage, restoration and warming on boreal wetland greenhouse gas fluxes 

      Laine, AM; Mehtätalo, M; Tolvanen, A; Frolking, S; Tuittila, ES (Elsevier BVAlankomaat, 2018)
      Northern wetlands with organic soil i.e., mires are significant carbon storages. This key ecosystem service may be threatened by anthropogenic activities and climate change, yet we still lack a consensus on how these major ...
    • Impacts of emission reductions on aerosol radiative effects 

      Pietikäinen, J-P; Kupiainen, K; Klimont, Z; Makkonen, R; Korhonen, H; Karinkanta, R; Hyvärinen, A-P; Karvosenoja, N; Laaksonen, A; Lihavainen, H; Kerminen, V-M (Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2015-05-20)
      The global aerosol–climate model ECHAM-HAMMOZ was used to investigate changes in the aerosol burden and aerosol radiative effects in the coming decades. Four different emissions scenarios were applied for 2030 (two of them ...
    • Impacts of forests on children's diet in rural areas across 27 developing countries 

      Rasolofoson, Ranaivo A; Hanauer, Merlin M; Pappinen, Ari; Fisher, Brendan; Ricketts, Taylor H (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2018)
      Micronutrient deficiency affects about a third of the world’s population. Children in developing countries are particularly vulnerable. Consequences include impaired cognitive and physical development and increased childhood ...
    • Impacts of simulated herbivory on volatile organic compound emission profiles from coniferous plants 

      Faiola, C. L.; Jobson, B. T.; VanReken, T. M. (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-01-28)
      The largest global source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere is from biogenic emissions. Plant stressors associated with a changing environment can alter both the quantity and composition of the compounds ...
    • Impacts of the counter ions on 4,5-dicyano-1-methylimidazole silver coordination 

      Jääskeläinen, Sirpa; Appiah, Sakyibea Nana; Koshevoy, Igo; Hirva, Pipsa (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2018)
      Silver complexes [Ag(4,5-dicyano-1-methylimidazole)2]n[CF3SO3]n (1), [Ag2(4,5-dicyano-1-methylimidazole)2][NO3]2 (2) and [Ag2(4,5-dicyano-1-methylimidazole)2]n[ClO3]2n (3) were synthesized in reactions between 4,5-dicyan ...
    • Implementation of the CORINE land use classification in the regional climate model remo 

      Gao, Yao; Weiher, Stefan; Markkanen, Tiina; Pietikäinen, Joni-Pekka; Gregow, Hilppa; Henttonen, Helena M.; Jacob, Daniel; Laaksonen, Ari (Boreal Environment Research Publishing Board, 2015-04-30)
      Regional climate models provide an effective way to study the effects of land use changes on regional climate conditions. A precise land cover map is a precondition for land use change studies. We introduce ...
    • The importance of nesting cavity and tree reuse in the three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus in dynamic forest landscapes 

      Pakkala Timo; Tiainen Juha; Kouki Jari (Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board, 2017)
      Cavity-nesting birds can save time and energy by reusing old cavities. We studied cavity reuse and its connections to nesting success and timing in the three-toed wood-pecker Picoides tridactylus in a 170 km ...
    • Improved EEG source localization with Bayesian uncertainty modelling of unknown skull conductivity 

      Rimpiläinen, Ville; Koulouri, Alexandra; Lucka, Felix; Kaipio, Jari P; Wolters, Carsten H (Elsevier BV, 2018)
      Electroencephalography (EEG) source imaging is an ill-posed inverse problem that requires accurate conductivity modelling of the head tissues, especially the skull. Unfortunately, the conductivity values are difficult to ...
    • Improved Visualization of Cartilage Canals Using Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping 

      Nissi, Mikko J.; Tóth, Ferenc; Wang, Luning; Carlson, Cathy S.; Ellermann, Jutta M. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-07-13)
      Purpose Cartilage canal vessels are critical to the normal function of epiphyseal (growth) cartilage and damage to these vessels is demonstrated or suspected in several important developmental orthopaedic diseases. ...
    • Improvements in the thread cutting torque for a 6082-T6 aluminum-based alloy with tapping tools utilizing diamond coating 

      Korhonen, Hannu; Koistinen, Arto; Lappalainen, Reijo (Informa UK Limited, 2018)
      The use of thin film diamond as a hard tool coating offers a significant wear protection in numerous machining operations and increases considerably tool's lifetime. The extreme hardness of the diamond is especially needed ...