Outstanding radiation tolerance of supported graphene: towards 2D sensors for the space millimeter radioastronomy
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CitationPaddubskaya, Alesia. Batrakov, Konstantin. Khrushchinsky, Arkadiy. Kuten, Semen. Plyushch, Artyom. Stepanov, Andrey. Remnev, Gennady. Shvetsov, Valery. Baah, Marian. Svirko, Yuri. Kuzhir, Polina. (2021). Outstanding radiation tolerance of supported graphene: towards 2D sensors for the space millimeter radioastronomy. Nanomaterials, 11 (1) , 170. 10.3390/nano11010170.
We experimentally and theoretically investigated the effects of ionizing radiation on a stack of graphene sheets separated by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) slabs. The exceptional absorption ability of such a heterostructure in the THz range makes it promising for use in a graphene-based THz bolometer to be deployed in space. A hydrogen/carbon ion beam was used to simulate the action of protons and secondary ions on the device. We showed that the graphene sheets remain intact after irradiation with an intense 290 keV ion beam at the density of 1.5 × 1012 cm−2. However, the THz absorption ability of the graphene/PMMA multilayer can be substantially suppressed due to heating damage of the topmost PMMA slabs produced by carbon ions. By contrast, protons do not have this negative effect due to their much longer mean free pass in PMMA. Since the particles’ flux at the geostationary orbit is significantly lower than that used in our experiments, we conclude that it cannot cause tangible damage of the graphene/PMMA based THz absorber. Our numerical simulations reveal that, at the geostationary orbit, the damaging of the graphene/PMMA multilayer due to the ions bombardment is sufficiently lower to affect the performance of the graphene/PMMA multilayer, the main working element of the THz bolometer, which remains unchanged for more than ten years.