Laser-ultrasonic delivery of agents into articular cartilage
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CitationNieminen Heikki J. Barreto Goncalo. Finnila Mikko A. Garcia-Perez Alejandro. Salmi Ari. Ranjan Sanjeev. Eklund Kari K. Pritzker Kenneth P H. Saarakkala Simo. Haeggstrom Edward. (2017). Laser-ultrasonic delivery of agents into articular cartilage. Scientific Reports, 7, 3991. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04293-5.
Research is ongoing to develop drug therapies to manage osteoarthritis (OA) and articular cartilage (AC) injuries. However, means to deliver drug to localized AC lesions are highly limited and not clinically available. This study investigates the capability of laser ultrasound (laser-induced plasma sound source) to deliver agents (methylene blue, MB, in PBS) into bovine AC. Treatment samples (n = 10) were immersed in MB solution simultaneously with LU exposure, while adjacent control 1 tissue (n = 10) was pre-treated with LU followed by immersion in MB and adjacent control 2 tissue (n = 10) was only immersed in MB. AC exposed (n = 22) or not exposed (n = 27) to LU were characterized for anomalies in structure, composition, viability or RNA expression. Optically detected MB content was significantly (p < 0.01) higher in treatment samples up to a depth of 500 µm from AC surface as compared to controls. No major unwanted short-term effects on AC structure, proteoglycan or collagen contents, chondrocyte viability or RNA expression levels were detected. In conclusion, LU can deliver agents into AC without major short-term concerns on safety. LU could reveal new strategies for the development of localized drug therapies in AC.