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dc.contributor.authorHassandra Mary
dc.contributor.authorLintunen Taru
dc.contributor.authorKettunen Tarja
dc.contributor.authorVanhala Mauno
dc.contributor.authorToivonen Hanna-Mari
dc.contributor.authorKinnunen Kimmo
dc.contributor.authorHeikkinen Risto
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-20T13:38:50Z
dc.date.available2017-02-20T13:38:50Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier10.2196/resprot.4600fi_FI
dc.identifier.issn1929-0748
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/344
dc.descriptionArticle
dc.description.abstractBackground: Results from studies on the effects of exercise on smoking-related variables have provided strong evidence that physical activity acutely reduces cigarette cravings. Mobile technology may provide some valuable tools to move from explanatory randomized controlled trials to pragmatic randomized controlled trials by testing the acute effectiveness of exercise on quitters under real-life conditions. An mHealth app was developed to be used as a support tool for quitters to manage their cigarette cravings. Objective: The primary aim of this paper is to present the protocol of a study examining the effectiveness of the Physical over smoking app (Ph.o.S) by comparing the point prevalence abstinence rate of a group of users to a comparator group during a 6-month follow-up period. Methods: After initial Web-based screening, eligible participants are recruited to attend a smoking cessation program for 3 weeks to set a quit smoking date. Fifty participants who succeed in quitting will be randomly allocated to the comparator and experimental groups. Both groups will separately have 1 more counseling session on how to manage cravings. In this fourth session, the only difference in treatment between the groups is that the experimental group will have an extra 10-15 minutes of guidance on how to use the fully automated Ph.o.S app to manage cravings during the follow-up period. Data will be collected at baseline, as well as before and after the quit day, and follow-up Web-based measures will be collected for a period of 6 months. The primary efficacy outcome is the 7-day point prevalence abstinence rate, and secondary efficacy outcomes are number of relapses and cravings, self-efficacy of being aware of craving experience, self-efficacy in managing cravings, and power of control in managing cravings. Results: Recruitment for this project commenced in December 2014, and proceeded until May 2015. Follow-up data collection has commenced and will be completed by the end of December 2015. Conclusions: If the Ph.o.S app is shown to be effective, the study will provide evidence for the use of the app as a support tool for people who are trying to manage cravings during smoking cessation programs. It is anticipated that the results of the study will provide knowledge of how physical activity affects cigarette craving in real-life situations and inform the development and delivery of relapse prevention in smoking cessation treatment.fi_FI
dc.language.isoENGfi_FI
dc.publisherJMIR Publications Incfi_FI
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJMIR Research Protocols
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.2196/resprot.4600fi_FI
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/fi_FI
dc.subjectbehavior changefi_FI
dc.subjectmHealth appfi_FI
dc.subjectphysical activityfi_FI
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trialfi_FI
dc.subjectrelapse preventionfi_FI
dc.subjectsmokingfi_FI
dc.titleEffectiveness of a Mobile Phone App for Adults That Uses Physical Activity as a Tool to Manage Cigarette Craving After Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trialfi_FI
dc.typehttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.versionpublisher's pdffi_FI
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Public Health
uef.solecris.id37914632
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewedfi_FI
dc.type.publicationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
uef.citationinfo.issue4
dc.relation.doi10.2196/resprot.4600
dc.description.reviewstatushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed
dc.relation.articlenumbere125
dc.relation.issn1929-0748
dc.relation.issue4


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