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dc.contributor.authorWenzler S
dc.contributor.authorHagen M
dc.contributor.authorTarvainen MP
dc.contributor.authorHilke M
dc.contributor.authorGhirmai N
dc.contributor.authorHuthmacher A-C
dc.contributor.authorTrettin M
dc.contributor.authorvan Dick R
dc.contributor.authorReif A
dc.contributor.authorOertel-Knöchel V
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-12T08:55:56Z
dc.date.available2017-09-12T08:55:56Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/4267
dc.description.abstractPeople suffering from depression perceive themselves and their surroundings as more negative than healthy ones. An explanation might be that depressed individuals experience negative information as more stressful than non-depressed subjects and, consequently, respond in an amplified manner on a subjective and physiological level. To test this proposition, we presented 41 patients with recurrent depressive episodes and 42 controls with stimuli from the International Affective Picture System split into three valence categories while different parameters of physiological arousal (e.g., heart rate variability) and subjective perceptions of valence and arousal were assessed. Furthermore, we examined social skills and emotional competence. Results regarding physiological arousal revealed an elevated skin temperature and a more accentuated respiratory frequency in depressed subjects. Furthermore, depressed subjects rated the stimuli as more negative and arousing, which was associated with reduced social and emotional competence. Variation in antidepressant medication, menstrual cycle and other factors that have an impact on HRV are a potential bias. Our findings suggest an intensified perception of negative emotion in depressed individuals as compared to controls that manifests itself in an increased physiological arousal as well as on a subjective level. This intensified emotion perception is further associated with deficits in social and emotional competence.en
dc.language.isoENen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPSYCHIATRY RESEARCHen
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.03.040en
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectDepressionen
dc.subjectPhysiologyen
dc.subjectEmotionen
dc.subjectAutonomic nervous system (ANS)en
dc.subjectHeart rate variability (HRV)en
dc.subjectInternational Affective Picture Systemen
dc.subjectSocial skillsen
dc.titleIntensified emotion perception in depression: Differences in physiological arousal and subjective perceptionsen
dc.description.versionfinal draften
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Applied Physics, activitiesen
uef.solecris.id47977903en
dc.type.publicationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.rights.accessrights© Elsevier B.Ven
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.psychres.2017.03.040en
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerRevieweden
dc.format.pagerange303-310en
dc.relation.issn0165-1781en
dc.relation.volume253en
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessen
dc.type.okmA1en
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersionen
uef.solecris.openaccessEi


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