Recent Advances and Applications of Molecular Docking to G Protein-Coupled Receptors
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CitationBartuzi D. Kaczor AA. Targowska-Duda KM. Matosiuk D. (2017). Recent Advances and Applications of Molecular Docking to G Protein-Coupled Receptors. MOLECULES, 22 (2) , 1-23340. 10.3390/molecules22020340.
The growing number of studies on G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) family are a source of noticeable improvement in our understanding of the functioning of these proteins. GPCRs are responsible for a vast part of signaling in vertebrates and, as such, invariably remain in the spotlight of medicinal chemistry. A deeper insight into the underlying mechanisms of interesting phenomena observed in GPCRs, such as biased signaling or allosteric modulation, can be gained with experimental and computational studies. The latter play an important role in this process, since they allow for observations on scales inaccessible for most other methods. One of the key steps in such studies is proper computational reconstruction of actual ligand-receptor or protein-protein interactions, a process called molecular docking. A number of improvements and innovative applications of this method were documented recently. In this review, we focus particularly on innovations in docking to GPCRs.