Chromatin organization regulates viral egress dynamics
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CitationAho Vesa. Myllys Markko. Ruokolainen Visa. Hakanen Satu. Mäntylä Elina. Virtanen Jori. Hukkanen Veijo. Kühn Thomas. Timonen Jussi. Mattila Keijo. Larabell Carolyn A. Vihinen-Ranta Maija. (2017). Chromatin organization regulates viral egress dynamics. Scientific Reports, 7, 3692. 10.1038/s41598-017-03630-y.
Various types of DNA viruses are known to elicit the formation of a large nuclear viral replication compartment and marginalization of the cell chromatin. We used three-dimensional soft x-ray tomography, confocal and electron microscopy, combined with numerical modelling of capsid diffusion to analyse the molecular organization of chromatin in herpes simplex virus 1 infection and its effect on the transport of progeny viral capsids to the nuclear envelope. Our data showed that the formation of the viral replication compartment at late infection resulted in the enrichment of heterochromatin in the nuclear periphery accompanied by the compaction of chromatin. Random walk modelling of herpes simplex virus 1–sized particles in a three-dimensional soft x-ray tomography reconstruction of an infected cell nucleus demonstrated that the peripheral, compacted chromatin restricts viral capsid diffusion, but due to interchromatin channels capsids are able to reach the nuclear envelope, the site of their nuclear egress.