Associations of common chronic non-communicable diseases and medical conditions with sleep-related problems in a population-based health examination study
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CitationBasnet Syaron. Merikanto Ilona. Lahti Tuuli. Männistö Satu. Laatikainen Tiina. Vartiainen Erkki. Partonen Timo. (2017). Associations of common chronic non-communicable diseases and medical conditions with sleep-related problems in a population-based health examination study. Sleep Science, 9 (3) , 249-254. 10.1016/j.slsci.2016.11.003.
A cross-sectional population-based survey, the National FINRISK 2012 Study, designed to monitor chronic diseases and their risk factors in Finland. A random sample of 10,000 adults aged 25–74 years, and of them, 64% (n=6424) participated the study. Participants subjectively reported the total durations for sleep and naps (n=6238), sleep quality (n=5878), bedtimes and wake-up times separately for working days and weekends yielding the amount of sleep debt (n=5878), and the seasonal variation in sleep duration (n=4852). The participants were asked whether they were diagnosed or treated for common chronic diseases in the past 12 months. Logistic regression models were adopted to analysis and adjusted for a range of covariates as potential confounding factors. Total sleep duration and nap duration prolonged in depression and other mental disorder (p<.001 for all). Seasonal variation in sleep duration was associated with depression (p=.014), hypertension (p=.018) and angina pectoris (p=.024). Participants with gallstones, cardiac insufficiency, depression, or degenerative arthritis had poor sleep quality (odds ratios of 1.6–6.3, p=.001 or less for each). Those with degenerative arthritis had sleep debt less (p<.05) and those with angina pectoris more (p<.05) than individuals without these medical conditions. Depression is significantly associated with sleep problems, albeit no sleep debt. Cardiovascular diseases, degenerative arthritis, and gallstones had significant associations with one or more sleep problems. There is therefore a need for more successful management of sleep problems in chronic diseases to improve the quality of life, to reduce treatment relapses, and to increase health and longevity in a population.