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dc.contributor.authorMännikkö, Reija
dc.contributor.authorKomulainen, Pirjo
dc.contributor.authorSchwab, Ursula
dc.contributor.authorHeikkilä, Harri M.
dc.contributor.authorSavonen, Kai
dc.contributor.authorHassinen, Maija
dc.contributor.authorHänninen, Tuomo
dc.contributor.authorKivipelto, Miia
dc.contributor.authorRauramaa, Rainer
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-09T11:29:03Z
dc.date.available2016-06-09T11:29:03Z
dc.date.issued2015-06-24
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1017/S0007114515001890
dc.identifier.citationReija Männikkö, Pirjo Komulainen, Ursula Schwab, Harri M. Heikkilä, Kai Savonen, Maija Hassinen, Tuomo Hänninen, Miia Kivipelto and Rainer Rauramaa (2015). The Nordic diet and cognition – The DR's EXTRA Study. British Journal of Nutrition, 114, pp 231-239. doi:10.1017/S0007114515001890.fi_FI
dc.identifier.issn0007-1145
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/53
dc.descriptionArticle
dc.description.abstractThe rapid increase in the prevalence of dementia associated with ageing populations has stimulated interest in identifying modifiable lifestyle factors that could prevent cognitive impairment. One such potential preventive lifestyle factor is the Nordic diet that has been shown to reduce the risk of CVD; however, its effect on cognition has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to estimate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of the baseline Nordic diet with cognitive function at baseline and after a 4-year follow-up in a population-based random sample (n 1140 women and men, age 57–78 years) as secondary analyses of the Finnish Dose-Responses to Exercise Training study. The Nordic diet score was created based on reported dietary components in 4-d food records. Cognition was assessed by the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery and the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE). The baseline Nordic diet score had been positively associated with Verbal Fluency (β 0·08 (95 % CI 0·00, 0·16), P= 0·039) and Word List Learning (β 0·06 (95 % CI 0·01, 0·10), P= 0·022) at 4 years but not with the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease total score (CERAD-TS) or MMSE at 4 years, after adjustment for baseline cognitive scores, demographic factors and health-related factors. After excluding individuals with impaired cognition at baseline, the baseline Nordic diet score had also been positively associated with the CERAD-TS (β 0·10 (95 % CI 0·00, 0·20), P= 0·042) and MMSE (β 0·03 (95 % CI 0·00, 0·06), P= 0·039) at 4 years. These associations disappeared after further adjustment for energy intake. In conclusion, the Nordic diet might have a positive association with cognition in individuals with normal cognition.fi_FI
dc.language.isoenfi_FI
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)fi_FI
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBritish Journal of Nutrition 114 (02);
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515001890
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.subjectAgeingfi_FI
dc.subjectCognitionfi_FI
dc.subjectDietfi_FI
dc.subjectNordic dietfi_FI
dc.titleThe Nordic diet and cognition – The DR's EXTRA Studyfi_FI
dc.typehttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.versionFinal Draft
dc.contributor.departmentFaculty of Health Sciences
uef.solecris.id33833481
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed
dc.type.publicationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.1017/S0007114515001890
dc.description.reviewstatushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn0007-1145
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess


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