Dimensionality of random light fields
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CitationNorrman Andreas. Friberg Ari T. Gil José J. Setälä Tero. (2017). Dimensionality of random light fields. Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid Publications, 13 (36) , 1-5. 10.1186/s41476-017-0061-9.
The spectral polarization state and dimensionality of random light are important concepts in modern optical physics and photonics.
By use of space-frequency domain coherence theory, we establish a rigorous classification for the electricfield vector to oscillate in one, two, or three spatial dimensions.
We also introduce a new measure, the polarimetric dimension, to quantify the dimensional character of light. The formalism is utilized to show that polarized three-dimensional light does not exist, while an evanescent wave generated in total internal reflection generally is a genuine three-dimensional light field.
The framework we construct advances the polarization theory of random light and it could be beneficial for near-field optics and polarization-sensitive applications involving complex-structured light fields.