INDO-NORDEN - a consortium for developing holistic processes and land use practices for clean energy
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CitationShurpali N. Parameswaran B. Raud M. Sippula O. Virkajärvi P. Pumpanen J. Jokiniemi J. (2017). INDO-NORDEN - a consortium for developing holistic processes and land use practices for clean energy. Energy Procedia, 125, 363-371. 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.08.046.
Intensive forest harvesting techniques are being used in Finland to enhance the share of bioenergy. However, there are no clear indications as to how environmentally safe are these practices. We address this issue in the INDO-NORDEN project through field studies addressing the climate impacts on the ecosystem carbon balance. Also, we will address several major issues relevant to Nordic agriculture under changing climatic conditions. INDO-NORDEN plans to develop biofuel production processes adopted in Estonia and India for enhancing biofuel yields. The effects of biomass raw material on ash characteristics, fine particle and gas emissions in combustion plants will be evaluated.