Fully automated laser ray tracing system to measure changes in the crystalline lens GRIN profile
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CitationQui Chen. Heilman Bianca Maceo. Kaipio Jari. Donaldson Paul. Vaghefi Ehsan. (2017). Fully automated laser ray tracing system to measure changes in the crystalline lens GRIN profile. Biomedical Optics Express, 8 (11) , 4947-4964. 10.1364/BOE.8.004947.
Measuring the lens gradient refractive index (GRIN) accurately and reliably has proven an extremely challenging technical problem. A fully automated laser ray tracing (LRT) system was built to address this issue. The LRT system captures images of multiple laser projections before and after traversing through an ex vivo lens. These LRT images, combined with accurate measurements of the lens geometry, are used to calculate the lens GRIN profile. Mathematically, this is an ill-conditioned problem; hence, it is essential to apply biologically relevant constraints to produce a feasible solution. The lens GRIN measurements were compared with previously published data. Our GRIN retrieval algorithm produces fast and accurate measurements of the lens GRIN profile. Experiments to study the optics of physiologically perturbed lenses are the future direction of this research.