The effect of moisture content on electrical impedance spectroscopy response of natural fibre-polymer composite granules
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CitationTomppo, Laura. Tiitta, Markku. Lappalainen, Reijo. (2018). The effect of moisture content on electrical impedance spectroscopy response of natural fibre-polymer composite granules. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, [First published Jan 8, 2017], 10.1177/0892705717751019.
Two types of natural fibre-polymer composite (NFPC) granules were measured with electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The granules were immersed in water for 70 h, after which the excess water was removed and EIS measurements were conducted. Then, the granules were let dry in open containers at normal room temperature, and EIS measurements were repeated at increasing time intervals. The results show that the EIS response as a function of moisture content (MC) depends on the fibre content of the NFPC. In addition, the results indicate that the EIS could be used for the estimation of MC of certain type of granulate, especially at low MCs, which is relevant for the manufacturing of NFPCs. For single material type, a model with impedance modulus at a single frequency was able to predict 87–95% of the MC variation. Therefore, EIS as a non-destructive on-line technique would allow the evaluation of moisture in NFPC granules.