Quantitative Evaluation of the Mechanical Risks Caused by Focal Cartilage Defects in the Knee
Self archived versionpublished version
MetadataShow full item record
CitationVenäläinen Mikko S. Mononen Mika E. Salo Jari. Räsänen Lasse P. Jurvelin Jukka S. Töyräs Juha. Virén Tuomas. Korhonen Rami K. (2016). Quantitative Evaluation of the Mechanical Risks Caused by Focal Cartilage Defects in the Knee. Scientific Reports, 6, 37538. 10.1038/srep37538.
Focal cartilage lesions can proceed to severe osteoarthritis or remain unaltered even for years. A method to identify high risk defects would be of utmost importance to guide clinical decision making and to identify the patients that are at the highest risk for the onset and progression of osteoarthritis. Based on cone beam computed tomography arthrography, we present a novel computational model for evaluating changes in local mechanical responses around cartilage defects. Our model, based on data obtained from a human knee in vivo, demonstrated that the most substantial alterations around the defect, as compared to the intact tissue, were observed in minimum principal (compressive) strains and shear strains. Both strain values experienced up to 3-fold increase, exceeding levels previously associated with chondrocyte apoptosis and failure of collagen crosslinks. Furthermore, defects at the central regions of medial tibial cartilage with direct cartilage-cartilage contact were the most vulnerable to loading. Also locations under the meniscus experienced substantially increased minimum principal strains. We suggest that during knee joint loading particularly minimum principal and shear strains are increased above tissue failure limits around cartilage defects which might lead to osteoarthritis. However, this increase in strains is highly location-specific on the joint surface.