Frequent pain in older people with and without diabetes - Finnish community based study
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CitationKarjalainen, M. Saltevo, J. Tiihonen, M. Haanpää, M. Kautiainen, H. Mäntyselkä P. (2018). Frequent pain in older people with and without diabetes - Finnish community based study. BMC Geriatrics, 18 (1) , 73. 10.1186/s12877-018-0762-y.
The association between pain and diabetes in older people has been largely unexplored. The aim of this survey was to analyze the prevalence and characteristics of pain among Finnish men and women 65 or older with and without diabetes in primary care.
All home-dwelling persons 65 years or older with diabetes (N = 527) and age and gender matched controls (N = 890) were identified from electronic patient records. Frequent pain was regarded as any pain experienced more often than once a week, and it was divided into pain experienced several times a week but not daily and pain experienced daily or continuously. The Numeric Rating Scale (0–10) (NRS) was used to assess the intensity and interference of the pain.
The number of subjects who returned the questionnaire was 1084 (76.5%). The prevalence of frequent pain in the preceding week was 50% among women without diabetes and 63% among women with diabetes (adjusted, p = 0.22). In men, the corresponding proportions were 42% without diabetes and 47% with diabetes (adjusted, p = 0.58). In both genders, depressive symptoms and the number of comorbidities were associated with pain experienced more often than once a week and with daily pain. Diabetes was not associated with pain intensity or pain interference in either women or men.
Pain in older adults is associated with depressive symptoms and the number of comorbidities more than with diabetes itself.