Paraxial propagation of a class of Bessel-correlated fields
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ViittausHalder, Atri. Koivurova, Matias. Partanen, Henri. Turunen, Jari. (2018). Paraxial propagation of a class of Bessel-correlated fields. OPTICS EXPRESS: THE INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF OPTICS, 26 (8) , 11055-11067. 10.1364/OE.26.011055.
The propagation of a novel class of paraxial spatially partially coherent beams exhibiting Bessel-type correlations is studied in free space and in paraxial optical systems. We show that, under certain conditions, such beams can have functionally identical forms of the absolute value of the complex degree of spatial coherence not only at the source plane and in the far zone, but also at all finite propagation distances. Under these conditions the degree of spatial coherence properties of the field is a shape-invariant quantity, but the spatial intensity distribution is only approximately shape-invariant. The main properties of this class of model beams are demonstrated experimentally by passing a coherent Gaussian beam through a rotating wedge and measuring the coherence of the ensuing beams with a Young-type interferometer realized with a digital micromirror device.