Poor men: on the masculinisation of poverty in Sweden 1957-1981
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CitationBroström, Lovisa. Rauhut, Daniel. (2018). Poor men: on the masculinisation of poverty in Sweden 1957-1981. Scandinavian Journal of History, [Epub ahead of print 08 May 2018], 10.1080/03468755.2018.1466761.
This paper discusses the underlying causes behind the masculinizsation of poverty during the period of 1957–1981 in Sweden. Testable hypotheses are derived from a theoretical framework. The findings suggest that the male role as breadwinner disappeared during the analysed period. Lowly educated men and especially male immigrant labour lost their labour market position when industrial society gave way to a new post-industrial society, with an expanding service sector bringing numerous new employment opportunities for women. When sick or unemployed, social assistance was the only social security these men had available. On the other hand, the welfare-state expansion targeted women, particularly single mothers and widows, and thus reduced the number of native women claiming social assistance. The findings also point to the process character of the masculinizsation of poverty, arguing that women gained significantly more than men from the expansion of the welfare state.