Associations of serum indolepropionic acid, a gut microbiota metabolite, with type 2 diabetes and low-grade inflammation in high-risk individuals
Self archived versionpublished version
MetadataShow full item record
CitationTuomainen, Marjo. Lindström, Jaana. Lehtonen, Marko. Auriola, Seppo. Pihlajamäki, Jussi. Peltonen, Markku. Tuomilehto, Jaakko. Uusitupa, Matti. de Mello, Vanessa D. Hanhineva, Kati. (2018). Associations of serum indolepropionic acid, a gut microbiota metabolite, with type 2 diabetes and low-grade inflammation in high-risk individuals. NUTRITION AND DIABETES, 8, 35. 10.1038/s41387-018-0046-9.
We recently reported using non-targeted metabolic profiling that serum indolepropionic acid (IPA), a microbial metabolite of tryptophan, was associated with a lower likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). In the present study, we established a targeted quantitative method using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (HPLC-QQQ-MS/MS) and measured the serum concentrations of IPA in all the participants from the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS), who had fasting serum samples available from the 1-year study follow-up (n = 209 lifestyle intervention and n = 206 control group). Higher IPA at 1-year study was inversely associated with the incidence of T2D (OR [CI]: 0.86 [0.73–0.99], P = 0.04) and tended to be directly associated with insulin secretion (β = 0.10, P = 0.06) during the mean 7-year follow-up. Moreover, IPA correlated positively with dietary fiber intake (g/day: r = 0.24, P = 1 × 10−6) and negatively with hsCRP concentrations at both sampling (r = − 0.22, P = 0.0001) and study follow-up (β = − 0.19, P = 0.001). Thus, we suggest that the putative effect of IPA on lowering T2D risk might be mediated by the interplay between dietary fiber intake and inflammation or by direct effect of IPA on β-cell function.
Link to the original itemhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41387-018-0046-9
- Terveystieteiden tiedekunta