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dc.contributor.authorKärhä, Kalle
dc.contributor.authorAnttonen, Tuomas
dc.contributor.authorPoikela, Asko
dc.contributor.authorPalander, Teijo
dc.contributor.authorLauren, Ari
dc.contributor.authorPeltola, Heli
dc.contributor.authorNuutinen, Yrjö
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-11T12:47:09Z
dc.date.available2018-06-11T12:47:09Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/6695
dc.description.abstractDifferent abiotic and biotic disturbances are expected to become more common in the future due to a warming climate. Globally, post-disturbance salvage logging is becoming more predominant to recover economic value from timber in disturbed forests. This study collected comparative time-study data and analyzed the productivity of cutting for windfalls in clear cuttings and determined the cutting costs of windfalls. Furthermore, the logging (i.e., cutting and forwarding) costs of wind-damaged trees and those of undamaged standing Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) trees in clear cuts were calculated in Finland. The results revealed that the cutting productivity of windfalls was 19–33% lower than that of undamaged stems. The cutting costs of windthrown stems with a volume of 0.3–1.5 m3 were 35–64% higher and the logging costs of windfalls were 10–30% higher than those of undamaged standing stems. The study provided new understanding regarding the productivity and costs of salvage logging operations under Finnish conditions. Even if the logging of windfalls is expensive and laborious, salvage logging operations are important for forest stands and their health to minimize post-disaster damage outbreaks in coniferous forests, such as the damage caused by bark beetles—mainly Ips typographus L.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesForests
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f9050280
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectwindstorm
dc.subjectwindfall
dc.subjectpost-disturbance
dc.subjectforest health
dc.subjectforest management
dc.subjectchanging climate
dc.subjectIps typographus
dc.subjectwood harvesting
dc.subjectclear cutting
dc.subjectboreal forests
dc.titleEvaluation of Salvage Logging Productivity and Costs in Windthrown Norway Spruce-Dominated Forests
dc.description.versionpublished version
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Forest Sciences, activities
uef.solecris.id54600085en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.3390/f9050280
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.publisher.countrySveitsi
dc.relation.articlenumber280
dc.relation.issn1999-4907
dc.relation.issue5
dc.relation.volume9
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessOpen access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


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