Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMullola, Sari
dc.contributor.authorHakulinen, Christian
dc.contributor.authorPresseau, Justin
dc.contributor.authorRuiz de Porras, David Gimeno
dc.contributor.authorJokela, Markus
dc.contributor.authorHintsa, Taina
dc.contributor.authorElovainio, Marko
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-13T11:47:47Z
dc.date.available2018-06-13T11:47:47Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/6722
dc.description.abstractBackground Personality influences an individual’s adaptation to a specific job or organization. Little is known about personality trait differences between medical career and specialty choices after graduating from medical school when actually practicing different medical specialties. Moreover, whether personality traits contribute to important career choices such as choosing to work in the private or public sector or with clinical patient contact, as well as change of specialty, have remained largely unexplored. In a nationally representative sample of Finnish physicians (N = 2837) we examined how personality traits are associated with medical career choices after graduating from medical school, in terms of employment sector, patient contact, medical specialty and change of specialty. Methods Personality was assessed using the shortened version of the Big Five Inventory (S-BFI). An analysis of covariance with posthoc tests for pairwise comparisons was conducted, adjusted for gender and age with confounders (employment sector, clinical patient contact and medical specialty). Results Higher openness was associated with working in the private sector, specializing in psychiatry, changing specialty and not practicing with patients. Lower openness was associated with a high amount of patient contact and specializing in general practice as well as ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology. Higher conscientiousness was associated with a high amount of patient contact and specializing in surgery and other internal medicine specialties. Lower conscientiousness was associated with specializing in psychiatry and hospital service specialties. Higher agreeableness was associated with working in the private sector and specializing in general practice and occupational health. Lower agreeableness and neuroticism were associated with specializing in surgery. Higher extraversion was associated with specializing in pediatrics and change of specialty. Lower extraversion was associated with not practicing with patients. Conclusions The results showed distinctive personality traits to be associated with physicians’ career and specialty choices after medical school independent of known confounding factors. Openness was the most consistent personality trait associated with physicians’ career choices in terms of employment sector, amount of clinical patient contact, specialty choice and change of specialty. Personality-conscious medical career counseling and career guidance during and after medical education might enhance the person-job fit among physicians.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBMC MEDICAL EDUCATION [HTTP://WWW.BIOMEDCENTRAL.COM/BMCMEDEDUC/]
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1155-9
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectmedical career
dc.subjectmedical specialty
dc.subjectpersonality traits
dc.subjectperson-job fit
dc.subjectcareer counseling
dc.subjectmedical education
dc.titlePersonality traits and career choices among physicians in Finland: employment sector, clinical patient contact, specialty and change of specialty
dc.description.versionpublished version
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Educational Sciences and Psychology / Psychology
uef.solecris.id54715757en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.1186/s12909-018-1155-9
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1-12
dc.relation.issn1472-6920
dc.relation.issue52
dc.relation.volume18
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessOpen access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record