Sixfold Post-Fracture Mortality in 16- To 30-Year-Old Patients-Suicides, Homicides, and Intoxications Among Leading Causes of Death
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CitationSomersalo, A. Paloneva, J. Lönnroos, E. Heinänen, M. Koponen, H. Kiviranta, I. (2018). Sixfold Post-Fracture Mortality in 16- To 30-Year-Old Patients-Suicides, Homicides, and Intoxications Among Leading Causes of Death. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Article published online May 8 2018, 10.1177/1457496918772371.
Background and Aims:
The death of any young individual is associated with the loss of many potentially fulfilling years of life. It has been suggested that the relative mortality of fracture patients may be higher in younger age groups than in older cohorts. We determined the mortality and causes of death in a cohort of 16- to 30-year-old patients that had been hospitalized for fractures.
Material and Methods:
We collected data using criteria based on the diagnosis code (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision), surgical procedure code (Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee), and seven additional characteristics of patients admitted to the trauma ward at the Central Finland Hospital between 2002 and 2008. Patients were then followed to ascertain their mortality status until the end of 2012. Standardized mortality ratios were calculated and causes of death were determined by combining our registry data with data provided by Statistics Finland.
During the study, 199 women and 525 men aged 16–30 years had sustained fractures. None of these patients died during the primary hospital stay. At the end of follow-up (mean duration 7.4 years), 6 women and 23 men had died. The standardized mortality ratio for all patients was 6.2 (95% Confidence Interval: 4.3–8.9). Suicides and intoxications comprised over half, and motor vehicle accidents and homicides comprised nearly a third of the post-fracture deaths.
We found a concerning increase in mortality among young adults that had been hospitalized due to a fracture compared to the general population that had been standardized by age, sex, and calendar-period. Leading causes of death were suicides and intoxications or motor vehicle accidents and homicides, which may be indicative of depressive disorders or impulse control disorders, respectively. Identification of the underlying psychosocial problems may provide an opportunity for preventive interventions.