Physicians' Estimates of Electronic Prescribing's Impact on Patient Safety and Quality of Care
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CitationKivekäs, Eija. Mikkonen, Santtu. Borycki, Elizabeth. Ihantola, Sami. Saranto, Kaija. (2018). Physicians' Estimates of Electronic Prescribing's Impact on Patient Safety and Quality of Care. ACI Open, 2 (1) , e30-e40. 10.1055/s-0038-1660464.
Electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) is a potentially important intervention that can be used to reduce errors. It provides many potential benefits over handwritten medication prescriptions, including standardization, legibility, audit trails, and decision support. Electronic health record (EHR) and e-prescribing systems may greatly enhance communication and improve the quality and safety of care.
Our aim is to investigate physician's opinions about the influence of electronic prescriptions on patient safety and quality of care.
This study extends the technology acceptance model to analyze the acceptance of e-prescribing and adds an understanding of what kind of impact the external variables (patient identification and the interoperability of applications) have on physicians' individual work performance (i.e., patient safety and quality of care). The empirical analysis uses data from surveys conducted in 2012 and 2014 in Finland. The participants were physicians, and e-prescribing was the only method that could be used for prescribing medication when these studies were conducted.
Physicians' perceived usefulness of e-prescribing was significantly associated with patient safety and quality of care. The interoperability of an EHR had a significant effect on both the perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of e-prescribing. The findings show that experience with an e-prescribing system has a positive effect on participants' perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of e-prescribing.
This study highlights potential safety and efficiency benefits associated with integrated health information technology in health care. The perceived usefulness of e-prescribing affected physicians' opinions on patient safety and quality of care.