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dc.contributor.authorAlrahahleh, Laith
dc.contributor.authorKilpeläinen, Antti
dc.contributor.authorIkonen, Veli-Pekka
dc.contributor.authorStrandman, Harri
dc.contributor.authorVenäläinen, Ari
dc.contributor.authorPeltola, Heli
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-21T08:54:10Z
dc.date.available2018-08-21T08:54:10Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/6826
dc.description.abstractWe investigated how recent-generation (CMIP5) global climate model projections affect the volume growth, carbon stock, timber yield and its profitability in managed Scots pine, Norway spruce and Silver birch stands on medium fertile upland sites under southern and northern boreal conditions in Finland. Forest ecosystem model simulations were conducted for the current climate and changing climate, under two representative concentration pathways (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5), using 10 individual global climate model (GCM) projections. In addition to the baseline thinning, we maintained either 20% higher or lower stocking in thinning over a 90-year period. In the south, the severe climate projections, such as HadGEM2-ES RCP8.5 and GFDL-CM3 RCP8.5, as opposed to MPI-ESM-MR RCP4.5, considerably decreased the volume growth, carbon stock and timber yield, as well as its profitability, in Norway spruce stands, but also partially in Scots pine stands, compared to the current climate. Silver birch gained the most from the climate change in the south and Scots pine in the north. The impacts of the thinning regime varied, depending on tree species, site and climate applied. Depending on the severity of the climate change, even opposing adaptive management measures may be needed in different boreal regions.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesForests
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f9040208
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectboreal forest
dc.subjectcarbon stock
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectgap-type forest ecosystem model
dc.subjectforest management
dc.subjecttimber yield
dc.subjectvolume growth
dc.titleEffects of CMIP5 projections on volume growth, carbon stock and timber yield in managed scots pine, Norway Spruce and Silver Birch stands under Southern and northern boreal conditions
dc.description.versionpublished version
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Forest Sciences, activities
uef.solecris.id55067087en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.3390/f9040208
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.articlenumber208
dc.relation.issn1999-4907
dc.relation.issue4
dc.relation.volume9
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessOpen access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


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