Iterative and discrete reconstruction in the evaluation of the rabbit model of osteoarthritis
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CitationKetola, JH. Karhula, SS. Finnilä, MAJ. Korhonen, RK. Herzog, W. Siltanen, S. Nieminen, MT. Saarakkala, S. (2018). Iterative and discrete reconstruction in the evaluation of the rabbit model of osteoarthritis. Scientific reports, 8 (1) , 12051. 10.1038/s41598-018-30334-8.
Micro-computed tomography (µCT) is a standard method for bone morphometric evaluation. However, the scan time can be long and the radiation dose during the scan may have adverse effects on test subjects, therefore both of them should be minimized. This could be achieved by applying iterative reconstruction (IR) on sparse projection data, as IR is capable of producing reconstructions of sufficient image quality with less projection data than the traditional algorithm requires. In this work, the performance of three IR algorithms was assessed for quantitative bone imaging from low-resolution data in the evaluation of the rabbit model of osteoarthritis. Subchondral bone images were reconstructed with a conjugate gradient least squares algorithm, a total variation regularization scheme, and a discrete algebraic reconstruction technique to obtain quantitative bone morphometry, and the results obtained in this manner were compared with those obtained from the reference reconstruction. Our approaches were sufficient to identify changes in bone structure in early osteoarthritis, and these changes were preserved even when minimal data were provided for the reconstruction. Thus, our results suggest that IR algorithms give reliable performance with sparse projection data, thereby recommending them for use in µCT studies where time and radiation exposure are preferably minimized.