Peak oxygen uptake, ventilatory threshold, and arterial stiffness in adolescents
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CitationHaapala, EA. Laukkanen, JA. Takken, T. Kujala, UM. Finni, T. (2018). Peak oxygen uptake, ventilatory threshold, and arterial stiffness in adolescents. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, First Online: 11 August 2018, 10.1007/s00421-018-3963-3.
To investigate the associations of peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) and V˙O2 at ventilatory threshold (V˙O2at VT) with arterial stiffness in adolescents.
The participants were 55 adolescents (36 girls, 19 boys) aged 16–19 years. Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWVao) and augmentation index (AIx%) were measured by non-invasive oscillometric device from right brachial artery level. V˙O2peakwas directly measured during a maximal ramp test on a cycle ergometer. V˙O2 at VT was determined using the equivalents for ventilation (V˙E/V˙CO2 and V˙E/V˙O2). V˙O2peak and V˙O2 at VT were normalised for body mass (BM) and lean mass (LM). Data were analysed using linear regression analyses and analysis of covariance adjusted for age and sex.
V˙O2peak normalised for BM (β = − 0.445, 95% CI − 0.783 to − 0.107) and V˙O2peak normalised for LM (β = − 0.386, 95% CI − 0.667 to − 0.106) were inversely associated with PWVao. A higher V˙O2 at VT normalised for BM (β = − 0.366, 95% CI − 0.646 to − 0.087) and LM (β = − 0.321, 95% CI − 0.578 to − 0.064) was associated with lower PWVao. Adolescents in the lowest third of V˙O2peak by LM (6.6 vs. 6.1 m/s, Cohen’s d = 0.33) and V˙O2 at VT by LM (6.6 vs. 6.0 m/s, Cohen’s d = 0.33) had a higher PWVao than those in the highest third of V˙O2peak or V˙O2 at VT by LM.
Higher V˙O2peak and V˙O2 at VT by BM and LM were related to lower arterial stiffness in adolescents. Normalising V˙O2peak and V˙O2 at VT for LM would provide the most appropriate measure of cardiorespiratory fitness in relation to arterial stiffness.