Scots pine provenance affects the emission rate and chemical composition of volatile organic compounds of forest floor
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CitationKivimäenpää, Minna. Markkanen, Juha-Matti. Ghimire, Rajendra P. Holopainen, Toini. Vuorinen, Martti. Holopainen, Jarmo K. (2018). Scots pine provenance affects the emission rate and chemical composition of volatile organic compounds of forest floor. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 48 (11) , 1373-1381. 10.1139/cjfr-2018-0049.
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is an important source of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in the boreal zone. BVOC emission rate and profile affect air quality, climate forcing, plant stress tolerance, and thus the growing conditions of forests. BVOC emission profile of shoots and forest floor, as well as emission rates from forest floor, were studied in a latitudinal provenance experiment with 19-year-old Scots pine common garden in Central Finland. The provenances studied were Saaremaa (SAA, 58°22′), Korpilahti (KOR, 62°0′), Suomussalmi (SUO, 65°10′), and Muonio (MUO, 67°56′). A chemotype with high proportion of Δ-3-carene, terpinolene, sabinene, γ-terpinene, and α-terpinene was significantly more common for the southern SAA than the northern SUO and MUO provenances. A chemotype with high proportion of α-pinene, β-pinene, limonene, and myrcene was more common in the three northernmost provenances. The main compounds emitted by forest floor were α-pinene, Δ-3-carene, and camphene. Similarly to shoot emissions, forest floor emissions from SAA had highest proportion of Δ-3-carene. Average total VOC emission rate from forest floor was 50 μg·m−2·h−1 at the end of August. Total emission rates were 65% higher in KOR than in MUO. High emission rates were explained by the high amount of decomposing needle litter and low moss coverage