Changes in the serum metabolite profile correlate with decreased brain gray matter volume in moderate-to-heavy drinking young adults
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CitationHeikkinen, N. Kärkkäinen, O. Laukkanen, E. Kekkonen, V. Kaarre, O. Kivimäki, P. Könönen, M. Velagapudi, V. Nandania, J. Lehto, SM. Niskanen, E. Vanninen, R. Tolmunen, T. (2018). Changes in the serum metabolite profile correlate with decreased brain gray matter volume in moderate-to-heavy drinking young adults. ALCOHOL, 75, 89-97. 10.1016/j.alcohol.2018.05.010.
Our aim was to analyze metabolite profile changes in serum associated with moderate-to-heavy consumption of alcohol in young adults and to evaluate whether these changes are connected to reduced brain gray matter volumes. These study population consisted of young adults with a 10-year history of moderate-to-heavy alcohol consumption (n = 35) and light-drinking controls (n = 27). We used the targeted liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method to measure concentrations of metabolites in serum, and 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging to assess brain gray matter volumes. Alterations in amino acid and energy metabolism were observed in the moderate-to-heavy drinking young adults when compared to the controls. After correction for multiple testing, the group of moderate-to-heavy drinking young adults had increased serum concentrations of 1-methylhistamine (p = 0.001, d = 0.82) when compared to the controls. Furthermore, concentrations of 1-methylhistamine (r = −0.48, p = 0.004) and creatine (r = −0.52, p = 0.001) were negatively correlated with the brain gray matter volumes in the females. Overall, our results show association between moderate-to-heavy use of alcohol and altered metabolite profile in young adults as well as suggesting that some of these changes could be associated with the reduced brain gray matter volume.
Subjectsadolescence alcohol brain morphometry MRI
Link to the original itemhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2018.05.010
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