Analytic Tools for Post-traumatic Epileptogenesis Biomarker Search in Multimodal Dataset of an Animal Model and Human Patients
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CitationDuncan, Dominique. Barisano, Giuseppe. Cabeen, Ryan. Sepehrband, Farshid. Garner, Rachael. Braimah, Adebayo. Vespa, Paul. Pitkänen, Asla. Law, Meng. Toga, Arthur W.. (2018). Analytic Tools for Post-traumatic Epileptogenesis Biomarker Search in Multimodal Dataset of an Animal Model and Human Patients. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12, 86. 10.3389/fninf.2018.00086.
Epilepsy is among the most common serious disabling disorders of the brain, and the global burden of epilepsy exerts a tremendous cost to society. Most people with epilepsy have acquired forms of the disorder, and the development of antiepileptogenic interventions could potentially prevent or cure epilepsy in many of them. However, the discovery of potential antiepileptogenic treatments and clinical validation would require a means to identify populations of patients at very high risk for epilepsy after a potential epileptogenic insult, to know when to treat and to document prevention or cure. A fundamental challenge in discovering biomarkers of epileptogenesis is that this process is likely multifactorial and crosses multiple modalities. Investigators must have access to a large number of high quality, well-curated data points and study subjects for biomarker signals to be detectable above the noise inherent in complex phenomena, such as epileptogenesis, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and conditions of data collection. Additionally, data generating and collecting sites are spread worldwide among different laboratories, clinical sites, heterogeneous data types, formats, and across multi-center preclinical trials. Before the data can even be analyzed, these data must be standardized. The Epilepsy Bioinformatics Study for Antiepileptogenic Therapy (EpiBioS4Rx) is a multi-center project with the overarching goal that epileptogenesis after TBI can be prevented with specific treatments. The identification of relevant biomarkers and performance of rigorous preclinical trials will permit the future design and performance of economically feasible full-scale clinical trials of antiepileptogenic therapies. We have been analyzing human data collected from UCLA and rat data collected from the University of Eastern Finland, both centers collecting data for EpiBioS4Rx, to identify biomarkers of epileptogenesis. Big data techniques and rigorous analysis are brought to longitudinal data collected from humans and an animal model of TBI, epilepsy, and their interaction. The prolonged continuous data streams of intracranial, cortical surface, and scalp EEG from humans and an animal model of epilepsy span months. By applying our innovative mathematical tools via supervised and unsupervised learning methods, we are able to subject a robust dataset to recently pioneered data analysis tools and visualize multivariable interactions with novel graphical methods.