Improving The Recording of Diagnoses in Primary Care with Team Incentives: A Controlled Longitudinal Follow-up Study
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CitationLehtovuori, Tuomo. Kauppila, Timo. Kallio, Jouko. Heikkinen, Anna M. Raina, Marko. Suominen, Lasse. Sund, Reijo. (2018). Improving The Recording of Diagnoses in Primary Care with Team Incentives: A Controlled Longitudinal Follow-up Study. BioMed research international, 2018, 4606710. 10.1155/2018/4606710.
Introduction. We studied whether primary care teams respond to financial group bonuses by improving the recording of diagnoses, whether this intervention leads to diagnoses reflecting the anticipated distribution of diseases, and how the recording of a significant chronic disease, diabetes, alters after the application of these bonuses. Methods. We performed an observational register-based retrospective quasi-experimental follow-up study with before-and-after setting and two control groups in primary healthcare of a Finnish town. We studied the rate of recorded diagnoses in visits to general practitioners with interrupted time series analysis. The distribution of these diagnoses was also recorded. Results. After group bonuses, the rate of recording diagnoses increased by 17.9% (95% CI: 13.6–22.3) but not in either of the controls (−2.0 to −0.3%). The increase in the rate of recorded diagnoses in the care teams varied between 14.9% (4.7–25.2) and 33.7% (26.6–41.3). The distribution of recorded diagnoses resembled the respective distribution of diagnoses in the former studies of diagnoses made in primary care. The rate of recorded diagnoses of diabetes did not increase just after the intervention. Conclusions. In primary care, the completeness of diagnosis recording can be, to varying degrees, influenced by group bonuses without guarantee that recording of clinically significant chronic diseases is improved.