The Finnish Interprofessional Medication Assessment (FIMA): baseline findings from home care setting
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CitationAuvinen, K. Räisänen, J. Merikoski, M. Mäntylä, A. Kumpusalo-Vauhkonen, A. Enlund, H. Liukkonen, T. Jyrkkä, J. Lönnroos, E. Mäntyselkä, P. (2018). The Finnish Interprofessional Medication Assessment (FIMA): baseline findings from home care setting. AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH, [Epub ahead of print 5 Dec 2018], 10.1007/s40520-018-1085-8.
Medication-related problems and declined functional capacity are closely associated factors among older people. The purpose of this study is to describe the procedure of interprofessional medication assessment in home care context and the baseline characteristics of the study population.
The FIMA study was a randomized, controlled intervention study comparing general practitioner-led interprofessional medication assessment and usual care. Patients’ chronic diagnoses and medication use as well as physical and cognitive functions were investigated. Performance in daily activities, use of care services and help from family and relatives, self-rated health and health-related quality of life, and adverse effects commonly related to medication were assessed.
The home care patients (n = 512) had significant disease burden and functional limitations. The mean number of all medicines was 15 and that of regularly taken medicines 10. The majority of patients (87%) had excessive polypharmacy. The most commonly used (97%) ATC medicine class was nervous system medicines. Clinically relevant (class C or D SFINX record) drug–drug interactions were seen in 74% of the patients. The most frequent risks of adverse effects were risk of bleeding (66%), constipation (58%) and orthostatism (54%) occurring in over half of the patients. Medicines affecting renal function were used by 85% of the patients.
There is an evident need and justification for medication assessments in home care. In most cases, home care patients fulfill the criteria for regular medication assessments.