Methods of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in a nationwide Cohort (FINPOP 2015)
Self archived versionfinal draft
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMattsson, NK. Karjalainen, P. Tolppanen, AM. Heikkinen, AM. Jalkanen, J. Härkki, P. Nieminen K. (2019). Methods of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in a nationwide Cohort (FINPOP 2015). Acta obstetricia et gynecologica scandinavica, 98 (4) , 451-459. 10.1111/aogs.13520.
The management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) varies significantly between countries. The objective of this study was to describe the methods used for POP surgery in Finland and to identify the factors that affect clinicians’ choice to use either a native tissue repair (NTR) or a mesh repair method.
Material and Methods
This prospective cohort study included 3535 surgeries covering 83% of all POP operations performed in Finland in 2015. The operative details and patient characteristics, including the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI‐20), were compared between three selected surgical methods: NTR, transvaginal mesh (TVM) and abdominal mesh (AM). The predictive factors for the use of mesh augmentation were also studied with logistic regression analysis.
The most common method was NTR (n = 2855, 81%), followed by TVM (n = 429, 12%) and AM (n = 251, 7%). Approximately 92% of the patients who underwent primary prolapse surgery underwent NTR, and mesh surgery was used mainly for recurrent prolapse. The strongest predictor of mesh surgery was previous POP surgery for the same vaginal compartment (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 56, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 38‐84 for TVM; adjusted OR = 22, 95% CI = 14‐34 for AM). Other predictive factors for mesh surgery were previous hysterectomy, healthcare district, severe bulge symptoms and advanced prolapse. TVM was associated with advanced anterior prolapse and older age. AM surgery was associated with advanced apical and/or posterior compartment prolapse. PFDI‐20 scores were the highest in the AM group (108 vs 103 in the TVM group and 98 in the NTR group, P = 0.012), which indicates more bothersome symptoms than in the other groups.
The Finnish practices follow international guidelines that advocate NTR as the principal surgical method for POP. Synthetic mesh augmentation was mainly used in patients with recurrent and advanced prolapse with severe symptoms. The variation in the rates of mesh augmentation for POP surgery in different hospitals implies a lack of sufficient evidence of the most suitable treatment method and indicates a need for national guidelines.