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dc.contributor.authorSankaranarayanan, Rajeswari
dc.contributor.authorSaxlin, Tuomas
dc.contributor.authorKnuuttila, Matti
dc.contributor.authorYlöstalo, Pekka
dc.contributor.authorSuominen, Anna Liisa
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-27T10:25:31Z
dc.date.available2019-06-27T10:25:31Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/7651
dc.description.abstractObjective: The objective of this study is to study the association of alcoholic beverages and serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) level with periodontal condition. Material and methods: The study included 4294 dentate, non-diabetic Finnish adults aged 30−65 years who underwent periodontal examination during the Health 2000 Survey. The number of teeth with deepened (≥4 mm) periodontal pockets was the outcome. The exposures were self-reported beverage-specific alcohol intake (amount and frequency) and serum GGT level. The relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained by fitting zero-inflated negative binomial regression models. Results: We found no consistent association of either the intake of different alcoholic beverages or GGT level with the number of teeth with deepened periodontal pockets in the total study population or among the non-smokers. Among the highly educated non-smokers, spirit intake was associated with a low likelihood of having teeth with deepened periodontal pockets; RRs varied between 0.3 and 0.8. Among the non-smokers who had basic or intermediate education, spirit intake was associated with a higher likelihood of having teeth with deepened periodontal pockets; RRs varied between 1.2 and 1.8. Conclusion: In general, neither the intake of different alcoholic beverages nor the GGT level was consistently associated with the number of teeth with deepened periodontal pockets.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseriesActa odontologica scandinavica
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2019.1626479
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.subjectalcoholic beverages
dc.subjectfrequency of alcohol intake
dc.subjectamount of alcohol intake
dc.subjectperiodontal disease
dc.subjectsocioeconomic position
dc.titleIntake of different alcoholic beverages and periodontal condition
dc.description.versionfinal draft
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Dentistry
uef.solecris.id63364338en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Society
dc.relation.doi10.1080/00016357.2019.1626479
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.publisher.countryNorja
dc.relation.issn0001-6357
dc.relation.volume[Epub ahead of print 22 June 2019]
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessEi


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