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dc.contributor.authorNiemistö, D
dc.contributor.authorFinni, T
dc.contributor.authorHaapala, EA
dc.contributor.authorCantell, M
dc.contributor.authorKorhonen, E
dc.contributor.authorSääkslahti, A
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-04T07:58:05Z
dc.date.available2019-07-04T07:58:05Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/7664
dc.description.abstractEnvironment, physical activity (PA) and motor development are tightly interwoven during childhood. We examined the associations of environmental factors with motor competence (MC) in children. Children (N = 945, 50.1% boys, age = 3–7 years, mean = 5.4 years) from 37 childcare centres in the Southern (n = 17), Central (n = 13) and Northern Finland (n = 7) participated. The environmental factors comprised the geographical location (Southern, Central and Northern Finland) and residential density (metropolitan area, city, rural area and countryside) of the childcare centres’ based on postal codes and the national population density registry. MC was measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD)-3, as well as by quantifying time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports via parental questionnaire. It was found that children from the countryside had better MC and spent most time outdoors, while children from the metropolitan area most frequently engaged in organised sports. Gender comparisons revealed that girls outperformed boys in locomotor skills, while boys were better in object control skills, had higher TGMD-3 score and spent more time outdoors. Time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports were associated positively with MC, but not in children from the countryside. In conclusion, higher population density was associated with lower MC and less time spent outdoors. The findings suggest that versatile outdoor environments may support motor development through PA.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational journal of environmental research and public health
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111989
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjectmotor competence
dc.subjectenvironment
dc.subjectgeographical location
dc.subjectresidential density
dc.subjectoutdoor time
dc.subjectparticipation in sports
dc.titleEnvironmental Correlates of Motor Competence in Children - The Skilled Kids Study
dc.description.versionpublished version
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Biomedicine
uef.solecris.id63004082en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.3390/ijerph16111989
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1989
dc.relation.issn1661-7827
dc.relation.issue11
dc.relation.volume16
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessOpen access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


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