Cardiometabolic Risk Profile Among Young Adult Females With a History of Premature Adrenarche
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CitationLiimatta, J. Utriainen, P. Laitinen, T. Voutilainen, R. Jääskeläinen, J. (2019). Cardiometabolic Risk Profile Among Young Adult Females With a History of Premature Adrenarche. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 3 (10) , 1771-1783. 10.1210/js.2019-00193.
There were no differences in the prevalence of MetS or in any parameters indicating dyslipidemia, hypertension, hepatosteatosis, atherosclerosis, or low-grade inflammation between the study groups. However, prevalence of insulin resistance (IR; P = 0.014) and acanthosis nigricans (P = 0.010) was higher in the PA group. Neither fasting glucose nor insulin concentrations differed between the study groups, but HbA1c [adjusted for body mass index (BMI) P = 0.011] and Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (P = 0.044; BMI-adjusted P = nonsignificant) were higher in the PA group. Although BMI and fat percentage were comparable between the study groups, the PA group had higher central fat mass than the control group. In the whole study population, MetS and IR were associated with greater adult fat mass, but no prepubertal factors predicting later IR were found.