Safe places: Increasing Finnish waterfowl resilience through human-made wetlands
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CitationMustonen, Tero. Kontkanen, Harri. (2019). Safe places: Increasing Finnish waterfowl resilience through human-made wetlands. Polar science, 21, 75-84. 10.1016/j.polar.2019.05.007.
Loss of boreal wetlands in Finland has negative consequences for waders, ducks and local socio-ecological systems. These changes result from over 70-years of human-made alterations to land and waterscapes. Climate change and associated extreme events are expected to be further drivers of negative change. In order to build resilience and seek answers to these challenges, a five-year monitoring of Linnunsuo, a 120-ha human-made wetland was conducted. Wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) and Northern pintail (Anas acuta) were the indicator species. Analysis of co-management complemented the review. Results indicate that the creation of well-designed wetlands has the potential to increase resilience of these socio-ecological systems. They are cost-effective and can be replicated across the boreal region to address the need of habitat loss and climate impacts.