Mitochondrial DNA damage in the hair bulb: can it be used as a non-invasive biomarker of local exposure to low LET ionizing radiation?
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CitationHargitai, R. Roivainen, P. Kis, D. Luukkonen, J. Sáfrány, G. Seppälä, J. Szatmári, T. Virén, T. Vuolukka, K. Salomaa, S. Lumniczky, K. (2020). Mitochondrial DNA damage in the hair bulb: can it be used as a non-invasive biomarker of local exposure to low LET ionizing radiation?. International journal of radiation biology, 96 (4) , 491-501. 10.1080/09553002.2020.1704910.
Purpose: Our aim was to evaluate whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in hair bulbs could be a suitable biomarker for the detection of local exposure to ionizing radiation.
Materials and methods: Mouse hair was collected 4 and 24 hours, 3 and 10 days after single whole-body exposure to 0, 0.1, and 2 Gy radiation. Pubic hair (treated area) and scalp hair (control area) were collected from 13 prostate cancer patients before and after fractioned radiotherapy with an average total dose of 2.7 Gy to follicles after five fractions. Unspecified lesion frequency of mtDNA was analyzed with long PCR, large mtDNA deletion levels were tested with real-time PCR.
Results: Unspecified lesion frequency of mtDNA significantly increased in mouse hair 24 hours after irradiation with 2 Gy, but variance among samples was high. No increase in lesion frequency could be detected after 0.1 Gy irradiation. In prostate cancer patients, there was no significant change in either the unspecified lesion frequency or in the proportion of 4934-bp deleted mtDNA in pubic hair after radiotherapy. The proportions of murine 3860-bp common deletion, human 4977-bp common deletion and 7455-bp deleted mtDNA were too low to be analyzed reliably.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that the unspecified lesion frequency and proportion of large deletions of mtDNA in hair bulbs are not suitable biomarkers of exposure to ionizing radiation.