Maternal and neonatal characteristics in obstetric intensive care unit admissions
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CitationSeppänen, PM. Sund, RT. Uotila, JT. Helminen, MT. Suominen, TM. (2020). Maternal and neonatal characteristics in obstetric intensive care unit admissions. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 41, 65-70. 10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.07.002.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the course of pregnancy and delivery of obstetric patients admitted for intensive care, and determine the health status of their infants.
This was a retrospective register-based study. Four university hospitals in Finland participated. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit in any trimester of pregnancy, during delivery or up to 42 days post partum were identified from clinical information systems over a five-year study period. Parturient and infant data were collected from the Medical Birth Register.
During the study period (2007–2011), 283 obstetric patients were identified from the clinical information system. The most common reason for admission was hypertensive complications (58%), followed by obstetric haemorrhage (25.1%). Advanced maternal age, nulliparity and multiple pregnancies were associated with obstetric intensive care unit admissions. Of patients admitted to intensive care, 68.9% delivered by unscheduled caesarean section. Nearly 60% of neonates were born preterm, 56.1% needed treatment in a neonatal intensive care unit or an observation unit and 4.6% died within one week.
Advanced maternal age, nulliparity and multiple pregnancy were more common among intensive care unit-admitted women than in the general obstetric population. The main causes for admission were hypertensive complications and obstetric haemorrhage. Compared with the general obstetric population, neonates of intensive care unit-admitted mothers were eight times more likely to require treatment on a neonatal ward and their risk of neonatal death was also eight times greater.