The proximity puzzle in cross-border regions
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CitationCappellano, Francesco. Makkonen, Teemu. (2020). The proximity puzzle in cross-border regions. Planning practice and research, [Epub ahead of print 22 Mar 2020], 10.1080/02697459.2020.1743921.
This paper studies cross-border cooperation at the US-Canadian Cascadia region by implementing an in-depth analysis to examine the role of cognitive proximity as a proxy for favourable conditions for cross-border economic interaction (measured as co-publications, co-patents and networking). The analysis deploys primary and secondary data sources analysed with qualitative and quantitative methods. Based on the results, the case study region demonstrates what is termed as a ‘proximity puzzle’: relatively low levels of economic interaction despite high cognitive proximity across the border. The paper concludes by discussing, based on survey data, the barriers that impede cross-border economic interaction.