Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorJuvonen, K
dc.contributor.authorLapveteläinen, A
dc.contributor.authorNärväinen, J
dc.contributor.authorAbsetz, P
dc.contributor.authorKantanen, T
dc.contributor.authorKolehmainen, M
dc.contributor.authorSinikallio, S
dc.contributor.authorPihlajamäki, J
dc.contributor.authorKarhunen, L
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-07T10:16:16Z
dc.date.available2020-04-07T10:16:16Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/8086
dc.description.abstractRecent neuroscience research has delineated key psychological components of reward: wanting, liking and learning. Each component is further divided into explicit and implicit processes. While explicit processes are consciously experienced, implicit processes are not always directly accessible to conscious inspection. In the present study, we investigated the effect of metabolic state on implicit and explicit responses and their relationship in food context, especially when foods and visually matched non-food items are contrasted, and when foods in a sole food context but differing in energy content (high-energy - low-energy) or taste (sweet - savoury) were contrasted. Sixty healthy non-obese females participated in the study in fasted and fed states. Three Implicit Association Tests were used to assess implicit associations. Explicit liking and wanting ratings were assessed by visual analogue scales. In the implicit food–non-food context, food was preferred over non-food items both in fasted and fed states, though the strength of implicit associations declined significantly from fasted to fed state. However, the direction or strength of implicit associations was not significantly different between the metabolic states when comparing concepts within food context only, differing in energy content or taste. Instead, explicit responses reflected the change in the metabolic state in a manner consistent with alliesthesia and sensory-specific satiety. The results of the present study suggest that implicit associations are relatively resistant to acute change in the metabolic condition compared to explicit ratings, which shift more readily according to the fasted-fed continuum. The shift in the prevailing metabolic state was, however, reflected in the strength of implicit responses towards food in relation to non-food items, yet in the sole food contexts implicit associations were comparable between the fasted and fed states.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAppetite
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104593
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectimplicit association test
dc.subjectexplicit responseste
dc.subjectimplicit associations
dc.subjectfood
dc.subjectmetabolic state
dc.titleEffect of metabolic state on implicit and explicit responses to food in young healthy females
dc.description.versionfinal draft
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Clinical Nutrition
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Business, activities,School of Educational Sciences and Psychology / Psychology
uef.solecris.id67974996en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Elsevier Ltd.
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.appet.2020.104593
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.publisher.countryAlankomaat
dc.relation.articlenumber104593
dc.relation.issn0195-6663
dc.relation.volume148
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessEi


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record