Applying the circular economy to a business model: an illustrative case study of a pioneering energy company
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CitationPiispanen, Ville-Veikko. Henttonen, Kaisa. Aromaa, Eeva. (2020). Applying the circular economy to a business model: an illustrative case study of a pioneering energy company. International journal of entrepreneurship and innovation management, 24 (4/5) , 236-248. 10.1504/IJEIM.2020.10028416.
While the circular economy (CE) has awakened discussion in business model literature, understanding of the circular business model (CBM) and value-creation opportunities in practice has been limited. This study focuses on one sustainable business model archetype: creating value from waste. It supports sustainable development by material circulation. We aim to provide an answer to the question of how a company converts its resources and capabilities into economic value by creating value from waste. This single case study in the Finnish energy sector focuses on a pioneering company applying CBM. The analysis more specifically illustrates the nine main elements of a business model: customer value proposition, segments, customer relationships, channels, key resources, key activities, partners, costs and revenues. Furthermore, we illustrate the internal and external adoption factors required to transform a business model canvas (BMC) to a CBM framework.