Interplay of the photon drag and the surface photogalvanic effects in the metal-semiconductor nanocomposite
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CitationMikheev, GM. Saushin, AS. Styapshin, VM. Svirko, YP. (2018). Interplay of the photon drag and the surface photogalvanic effects in the metal-semiconductor nanocomposite. Scientific Reports, 8 (1) , 8644. 10.1038/s41598-018-26923-2.
Photon drag effect (PDE) and surface photogalvanic effect (SPGE) can be observed in centrosymmetric media and manifest themselves in photocurrents, the magnitude and polarity of which depend on wavevector and polarization of the excitation laser beam. PDE photocurrent originates from the transfer of the photon momentum to a free charge carrier, while SPGE photocurrent is due to diffuse scattering of the photoexcited carriers in the subsurface layer. However, despite the different underlying physical mechanisms, these photocurrents have almost indistinguishable dependencies on the polarization and the angle of incidence of the excitation laser beam. In this paper, we observe for the first time a competition between PDE and SPGE in the film containing metal (Ag-Pd) and semiconductor (PdO) nanocrystallites. We show that, depending on the angle of incidence, polarization azimuth and wavelength of the excitation laser beam, the interplay of the PDE and SPGE leads to the generation of either monopolar or bipolar nanosecond current pulses. The experiments performed allow us to visualize the contributions both these effects and obtain light-to-current conversion efficiency in a wide spectral range. Our experimental findings can be employed to control the magnitude and polarity of the light-induced current by polarization of the excitation laser beam.