Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem cells in a 3D Woven Scaffold
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CitationPersson, M. Lehenkari, PP. Berglin, L. Turunen, S. Finnilä, MAJ. Risteli, J. Skrifvars, M. Tuukkanen, J. (2018). Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem cells in a 3D Woven Scaffold. Scientific reports, 8 (1) , 10457. 10.1038/s41598-018-28699-x.
Fiber-based scaffolds produced by textile manufacturing technology offer versatile materials for tissue engineering applications since a wide range of crucial scaffold parameters, including porosity, pore size and interconnectivity, can be accurately controlled using 3D weaving. In this study, we developed a weavable, bioactive biodegradable composite fiber from poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and hydroxyapatite powder by melt spinning. Subsequently, scaffolds of these fibers were fabricated by 3D weaving. The differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in vitro was studied on the 3D scaffolds and compared with differentiation on 2D substrates having the same material composition. Our data showed that the 3D woven scaffolds have a major impact on hMSCs proliferation and activation. The 3D architecture supports the differentiation of the hMSCs into osteoblast cells and enhances the production of mineralized bone matrix. The present study further confirms that a 3D scaffold promotes hMSCs differentiation into the osteoblast–lineage and bone mineralization.