Elevated O3 alters soil bacterial and fungal communities and the dynamics of carbon and nitrogen
Self archived versionfinal draft
MetadataShow full item record
CitationChen, Z. Maltz, MR. Cao, J. Yu, H. Shang, H. Aronson, E. (2019). Elevated O3 alters soil bacterial and fungal communities and the dynamics of carbon and nitrogen. Science of the total environment, 677, 272-280. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.310.
Although many studies have reported the negative effects of elevated O3 on plant physiological characteristics, the influence of elevated O3 on below-ground processes and soil microbial functioning is less studied. In this study, we examined the effects of elevated O3 on soil properties, soil microbial biomass, as well as microbial community composition using high-throughput sequencing. Throughout one growing season, one-year old seedlings of two important endemic trees in subtropical China: Taxus chinensis (Pilger) Rehd. var. chinensis, and Machilus ichangensis Rehd. Et Wils, were exposed to charcoal-filtered air (CF as control), 100 nl l−1 (E100) or 150 nl l−1 (E150) O3-enriched air, in open top chambers (OTCs). We found that only higher O3 exposure (E150) significantly decreased soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in M. ichangensis, and the contents of organic matter were significantly decreased by E150 in both tree species. Although both levels of O3 exposure decreased NO3-N in T. chinensis, only E150 increased NO3-N in M. ichangensis, and there were no effects of O3 on NH4-N. Moreover, elevated O3 elicited changes in soil microbial community structure and decreased fungal diversity in both M. ichangensis and T. chinensis. However, even though O3 exposure reduced bacterial diversity in M. ichangensis, no effect of O3 exposure on bacterial diversity was detected in soil grown with T. chinensis. Our results showed that elevated O3 altered the abundance of bacteria and fungi in general, and in particular reduced nitrifiers and increased the relative abundance of some fungal taxa capable of denitrification, which may stimulate N2O emissions. Overall, our findings indicate that elevated O3 not only impacts the soil microbial community structure, but may also exert an influence on the functioning of microbial communities.