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dc.contributor.authorTilles-Tirkkonen, Tanja
dc.contributor.authorAittola, Kirsikka
dc.contributor.authorMännikkö, Reija
dc.contributor.authorAbsetz, Pilvikki
dc.contributor.authorKolehmainen, Marjukka
dc.contributor.authorSchwab, Ursula
dc.contributor.authorLindström, Jaana
dc.contributor.authorLakka, Timo
dc.contributor.authorPihlajamäki, Jussi
dc.contributor.authorKarhunen, Leila
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-24T12:02:15Z
dc.date.available2020-01-24T12:02:15Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://erepo.uef.fi/handle/123456789/7976
dc.description.abstractA healthy diet prevents type 2 diabetes but is often difficult to adhere to. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate whether eating competence is associated with diet or risk factors and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in individuals screened for type 2 diabetes risk. Eating competence is an indicator of food acceptance, positive attitudes, internal regulation and contextual skills related to food and eating. In total, 3147 Finnish adults aged 18–74 at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes identified via online risk screening participated in the baseline examinations of the Stop Diabetes (StopDia) study. The participants filled out the digital questionnaire on food intake, physical activity and sleep, and the Satter Eating Competence Inventory 2.0TM (ecSI 2.0TM). In addition, anthropometric and laboratory measurements were performed at primary healthcare centres. Eating competent individuals (37%, classified by ecSI 2.0TM) had a better quality of diet (p < 0.05 for all). Additionally, eating competence was associated with a lower prevalence of previously undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome and hypertriglyceridaemia, and with better insulin sensitivity (p < 0.05 for all). However, these associations, except for metabolic syndrome, were at least partly mediated by body mass index. Eating competence is associated with a healthy diet and could, thus, in the long term, support the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
dc.language.isoenglanti
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNutrients
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12010104
dc.rightsCC BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjecteating behaviour
dc.subjecteating competence
dc.subjectglucose metabolism
dc.subjectinsulin metabolism
dc.subjectlifestyle
dc.subjectmetabolic syndrome
dc.subjecttype 2 diabetes
dc.titleEating Competence Is Associated with Lower Prevalence of Obesity and Better Insulin Sensitivity in Finnish Adults with Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: The StopDia Study
dc.description.versionpublished version
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Clinical Nutrition
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Medicine / Biomedicine
uef.solecris.id67648629en
dc.type.publicationTieteelliset aikakauslehtiartikkelit
dc.rights.accessrights© Authors
dc.relation.doi10.3390/nu12010104
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.publisher.countrySveitsi
dc.relation.articlenumber104
dc.relation.issue1
dc.relation.volume12
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.okmA1
uef.solecris.openaccessOpen access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


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