In-vitro transcription analysis of NS5A from HCV-3a circulating in pakistani patients with chronic hepatitis C and their differential response to antiviral therapy
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CitationBhatti S. Manzoor S. Parvaiz F. Ashraf J. Javed F. (2017). In-vitro transcription analysis of NS5A from HCV-3a circulating in pakistani patients with chronic hepatitis C and their differential response to antiviral therapy. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 33 (5) , 1236-1241. 10.12669/pjms.335.12973.
Objective: Mutations in HCV nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) play a vital role in virus resistance. The aim of this study was to develop a correlation between NS5A mutations (genotype 3a) and virological response towards interferon alpha (IFN-α) plus ribavirin therapy.
Methods: In this study, which was conducted from 09-02-2013 to 25-11-2015 in the rural area of Province Sindh – Pakistan, total patients’ responses to peg-IFN therapy were investigated. Patients were given peg-IFN therapy for 24 to 48 weeks and categorized as sustained virologic responders (SVR) or non-responders (NR) to HCV infection. HCV NS5A region (2215-2335) of genotype 3a was identified in both responders and non-responders.
Results: Twenty-four NR with 24 SVR isolates showed significant mutations within the nonstructural protein 5A region in HCV genotype 3a. The New Zealand (NZL1) (GenBank D17763) differences were observed by using gene. The ISDR mutations for nonstructural protein 5A in non-responders have been reported as a possible explanation of HCV interferon resistance.
Conclusion: Based on these results, it is suggested that decreased SVR is caused by the increased mutations in nonstructural protein 5A sequences. When the sequence outside the Protein kinases R binding domain (PKRBD) (2281–2335) was examined, significant differentiations were observed among the SVR and NR classes at few amino acid strains.