Magnitude and characteristics of clinical trials in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional analysis
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CitationAli Sheraz. Alghamdi Mesfer Ali. Alzhrani Jasser Ali. De Vol Edward B. (2017). Magnitude and characteristics of clinical trials in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional analysis. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 7, 126-129. 10.1016/j.conctc.2017.05.008.
The clinical trial is an important type of research design in the spectrum of translational research. The extent to which clinical trials are conducted is a reflection of the level of advancement that exists within a healthcare system. This study aims at describing the clinical trial activity within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since 2000 through reviewing those trials that have been registered with clinicaltrials.gov in that time period. Since February 2000, 405 trials have been registered. These trials fall into one of 22 different ICD-10 codes, and with the top four being neoplasms (92), diseases of the circulatory system (57), endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (46), and diseases of the respiratory system (25). About half (200) were classified as trials with both safety and efficacy endpoints. 52% were phase IV and 28% were phase III. About 64% were randomized, and with about equal numbers of those coming from industry (86) and university sponsors (85), and smaller numbers coming from hospitals (51) and other sponsors. A total of 24 phase III university- or hospital-sponsored trials have been registered during the 15-year time period. With a population approaching 30 million and very large annual healthcare expenses, it would appear that the level of clinical trial activity within the Kingdom during the past 15 years has been rather paltry. The emphasis has been on post-marketing phase IV trials. The academic setting (i.e. universities and hospitals) has seen a new trial registered every 11 months on average.